The Central African Republic is a sparsely populated country well-endowed with natural resources –land, forests and minerals – that could have accelerated the country’s development. However, the political instability in the Central African Republic has prevented the construction of infrastructure and basic services such as hospitals and schools.
The 2004 Constitution of the Central African Republic provides that all persons have a right to property, and the state and citizens have an obligation to protect those rights. Law No. 63 of 1964 defines the national domain and provides the basis for more specific laws on land tenure and property rights. However, no other laws have been passed after Law No. 63, which remains the only formal law regulating land rights.
Traditionally, women in Central African Republic were engaged in dispute prevention and resolution. Women are considered the family and community members who represent principles of peace and harmony; their judgment is often requested in order to resolve community disputes and facilitate conflict resolution on land-related issues.