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Community / Land projects / Tool for designing, monitoring and evaluating land administration programmes in Latin America

Tool for designing, monitoring and evaluating land administration programmes in Latin America


06/21 - 06/21


This project is part of

Presentation of the Tool

This M&E tool came into being after more than twenty years of Land Administration Programmes (LAP), being implemented, in response to two key needs. The first arose within the teams responsible for implementing LAPs and corresponds to the need to exchange knowledge and working methods as regards the M&E systems of the programmes. The second corresponds to the need of the FAO and World Bank to standardize the experience of LAPs, to seek a common framework for evaluation and to harmonize the various M&E systems in order to have a clearer idea of the results and impacts of these programmes in the region.

This tool was developed based on the design, implementation and evaluation experience of experts at the FAO Investment Centre (CFI) and the World Bank. External consultants specializing in the issues of land ownership and M&E also took part, along with members of Project Coordinating Units (PCU) and various national land administration institutions (LAI).


Structure of the Tool

The main focus of this tool is to provide methodological and instrumental frameworks for assessment of the impact of LAPs on Land Administration Institutions (LAI) and their users (module 2), territorial entities such as indigenous communities and territories (module 3) and households directly benefiting from the programmes (module 4). It also contains information for the Fiscal, Financial and Economic Analysis of LAPs (module 5).

Source: FAO


Contents of the tool

Each module of the M&E-LAP tool has: a conceptual framework, a practical guide to and multiple instruments for evaluation, such as the results frameworks and fact sheets. The tool also contains a general glossary and an extensive bibliography.

Module 1
Corresponds to the proposed methodology of the tool and the experience of LAPs in Latin America and Central America in particular.

Module 2
Corresponds to the first level of intervention of LAPs, i.e. national land administration institutions within which LAPs seek to promote more efficient and better quality services.

Module 3
Corresponds to the level of intervention of subnational entities, i.e. Municipal Districts and Indigenous Communities and Territories (ICT) where LAPs seek to promote multipurpose land administration systems.

Module 4
Corresponds to impacts on beneficiary households where LAPs seek security and legal certainty about land ownership.

Module 5
Corresponds to the Fiscal, Financial and Economic Analysis (FFEA) of LAPs which contains elements of the three main modules.


For whom the tool was designed

The analysis frameworks and instruments of the M&E-LAP tool can be adapted by national institutions, subnational entities, civil society organizations and experts seeking to help to modernize their Land Administration Systems (LAS), and improve territorial governance and security and legal certainty about tenure.

The tool aims to support players who seek to help strengthen land administration or good governance practices as regards land ownership and other associated natural resources. Its contents additionally allow recognition of matters concerning the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT) (DVGT) and the Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF).


The full elements of this tool and further details can be found here.


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