USAID Country Profile: Property Rights and Resource Governance (2013), 5. http://www.usaidlandtenure.net/sites/default/files/country-profiles/full... Dang Hung Vo and Nguyen Van Thang, Cải thiện Quản trị Đất đai tại Việt Nam [Improving Land Governance in Vietnam], Land Governance Assessment Framework draft report (Hanoi: World Bank, 2013), 8.
 Centre for Agricultural Policy (CAP), Vietnam Farmers’ Union, Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), and Advancement of Community Empowerment and Partnership (ACEP), Land Consolidation for Poor People in Vietnam, Report Summary (Hanoi, 2013).
 Embassy of Denmark, World Bank, and Embassy of Sweden, Recognizing and Reducing Corruption Risks in Land Management in Vietnam (Hanoi: National Political Publishing House, 2011), ix.
 Wells-Dang, A., Pham Quang Tu, and Burke, A., “Conversion of Land Use in Vietnam through a Political Economy Lens”, Vietnam Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2:2 (April 2016).
 World Bank, Taking Stock: An Update on Vietnam’s Recent Economic Developments (Hanoi, 2014).
 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (2013), Article 53.
 Law on the Vietnam Fatherland Front, #75/2015/QH13, Articles 25-27, 32.
 Prime Ministerial Decision #22/2002/QĐ-TTg, dated 30 January 2002.
 Law #45/2013/QH13 (Land Law), passed 29 November 2013.
 Government Decree 43/2014/NĐ-CP guiding implementation of the 2013 Land Law, Decree 44/2014/NĐ-CP on land pricing, and Decree 47/2014/NĐ-CP on compensation, support, and resettlement.
 World Bank and DEPOCEN, Land Transparency Study Synthesis Report (Hanoi: Hong Duc Publishers, 2014), 12-13.
 All three networks have an online presence; see https://landavn.wordpress.com/about/, http://land.net.vn/eng/, and https://forlandvn.wordpress.com/.
 Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Decision 1467/QD-BTNMT, issued 21 July 2014. http://laocai.gov.vn/sites/sotnmt/vanbanquyphamphapluat/Documents/Quy%E1....
 Giesecke, J.A., Tran N.H., Corong, E.L., and Jaffee, S., “Rice land designation policy in Vietnam and the implications of policy reform for food security and economic welfare”, Journal of Development Studies 49:9 (2013):1202-1218.
 Government of Vietnam, “Tờ trình Về việc điều chỉnh quy hoạch sử dụng đất đến năm 2020 và lập kế hoạch sử dụng đất kỳ cuối (2016-2020) cấp quốc gia” [Report on the adjustment of national land use planning, 2016-2020] # 46/TTr-CP, submitted to the National Assembly 27 February 2016, 5.
 Ibid., 10-11.
 Tuoi Tre News, “Vietnam’s Mekong Delta faces most serious drought, salinization in 90 years”, 18 February 2016, http://tuoitrenews.vn/society/33283/vietnams-mekong-delta-faces-most-ser....
 Constitution, Article 54(2).
 Land Law, Article 126.
 Land Law, Articles 57, 134.
 Law #29/2004/QH11, Articles 29-30.
 Wells-Dang, A., Pham Quang Tu, and Ngo Van Hong, “Reform of State-Owned Forest Enterprises and Ethnic Minority Land Tenure Security In Vietnam” (paper presented at the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, Washington DC, 14-18 March 2016).
 Iyer, L. and Do, Q.-T., “Land Titling and Rural Transition in Vietnam”, Economic Development and Cultural Change 56:3 (April 2008).
 Vietnam News Service, “Land-use certification to be sped up”, 5 March 2013, http://vietnamnews.vn/society/236458/land-use-certification-to-be-sped-u... “Deadline set for land-use certificates”, 12 August 2013, http://vietnamnews.vn/society/243358/deadline-set-for-land-use-certifica....
 The World Bank’s Land Administration Project (2008-15) supported issuance of 1.8 million LURCs, 1.6 million of them to women. See http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/EAP/....
 Tran, T.N., Hoang Cam, Le Thanh Sang, Nguyen Thi Phuong Cham, Ngo Thi Phuong Lan and Vu Thanh Long, The Exclusion of Women’s Access to Land in Contemporary Viet Nam (Hanoi: United Nations Development Program, 2012).
 Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, “Vietnam: Mine Action”, 29 November 2015, http://www.the-monitor.org/en-gb/reports/2015/vietnam/mine-action.aspx.
 War Legacies Project, “The Invisible Enemy,” 2010. http://www.agentorangerecord.com/agent_orange_history/in_vietnam/.
 Constitution, Article 54(3); Land Law, Article 62.
 2003 Land Law, #13-2003-QH11, Article 38(1).
 CECODES, Viet Nam Fatherland Front, and UNDP, The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) 2014: Measuring citizens’ experiences (Hanoi, 2015), 14-15.
 UNIDO, Economic Zones in the ASEAN (Hanoi, 2015), 88. https://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media_upgrade/Resources/Publication....
 For an analysis of one case of agribusiness expansion, see Oxfam, Strengthen Community Voices for Informed Choices: Land-use and Land-Use Change in Central Vietnam (Hanoi, 2012).
 Government of Vietnam, “Báo cáo số 70/BC-CP của Chính phủ về tình hình thực hiện chính sách, pháp luật về quản lý, sử dụng đất tại các nông lâm trường quốc doanh giai đoạn 2004-2014” [Government Report to the Politburo on implementation of laws and policies on management and land use of state farms and forest enterprises, 2004-14], 9 March 2015.
 Dang Linh, “70% đơn khiếu nại, tố cáo liên quan đến đất đai” [70% of complaints and denunciations relate to land], Government of Vietnam webpage, 31 March 2015. http://baodientu.chinhphu.vn/hoat-dong-bo-nganh/70-don-khieu-nai-to-cao-....
 Tuoi Tre News, “Land should be priced by independent rating entity: expert,” 24 September 2012.
 Law #02/2011/QH13.
 Asia Foundation, The Mechanism to Settle Administrative Complaints in Vietnam: Challenges and Solutions (Hanoi, 2009).
 Benjamin J. Tria Kerkvliet, “Protests over Land in Vietnam: Rightful Resistance and More,” Journal of Vietnamese Studies 9:3 (Summer 2014), 19-54.
 Kaitlin Hansen, “Land Law, Land Rights, and Land Reform in Vietnam: A Deeper Look into ‘Land Grabbing’ for Public and Private Development” (SIT Graduate Institute Independent Study Project report, 2013).
 Reuters, “Vietnam detains 20 in latest land clash - media,” 25 April 2012. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/04/25/vietnam-land-clash-idUSL3E8FP5....
 Embassy of Denmark et al, Recognizing and Reducing Corruption Risks in Land Management in Vietnam.
 Asia Foundation, The Mechanism to Settle Administrative Complaints, 18.