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Multifunctional agriculture: evaluation of non-production benefits using the Analytical Hierarchy Process

Policy Papers & Briefs
Julio, 2008
Czech Republic

Sustainable land use in agriculture involves the management of economic, environmental, and social services. In order to make the widely accepted concept of sustainable multifunctional agriculture operative for the design of agricultural policies, it is necessary to estimate the social demand for non-production outputs. This paper addresses the issue of matching agricultural policy with public preferences and willingness to pay for the possible non-production benefits that agriculture may deliver.

Desafios do Desenvolvimento Rural em Moçambique: Contributo Crítico com Debate de Postulados Básicos

Journal Articles & Books
Febrero, 2008
Mozambique

Quando do Ministério da Planificação e Desenvolvimento veio a solicitação para que apresentasse uma palestra sobre os desafios do desenvolvimento rural, foi-me dito que deveria usar uma abordagem que provocasse a reflexão e a discussão crítica. Evidentemente, sem que eu próprio reflectisse criticamente sobre os desafios do desenvolvimento rural estaria incapaz de ajudar quem quer que fosse a fazer o mesmo. Lancei-me, então, na tarefa de construir um quadro analítico provocador e crítico que servisse para construir esta conversa. É este raciocínio que aqui pretendo apresentar.

The forests of the estates _iče and Fraj_tanj and their economy in the period between the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century

Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre, 2007

The subject of the treatise are the forests (woods) and their economy on _iče and Fraj_tanj estates in the Lower Styria, which were the property of the Styrian Religion Fund, in the period between the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century. The first estate possessed 2365 and the second 1423 yokes of forests. The distribution of the tree species and the state of the forest stands, which were with some exceptions generally bad, are described.

Estrutura fundiária das regiões Norte e Noroeste do Estado do Rio de Janeiro: 1972 a 1998

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2007

The work has as objective to investigate, using data published by the Institute for Colonization and Land Reform (INCRA), the changes in land distribution in the North and Northwest regions of the Rio de Janeiro state, in the period from 1972 to 1998. The Gini index, the average area, the percentage of the area corresponding to the 5% largest landholders, and the percentage of the area corresponding to the 50% smallest landholders, were used to describe the profile of the land distribution. The results show significant differences between the studied regions.

Land Reforms, Poverty Reduction, and Economic Growth : Evidence from India

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre, 2007
India
Asia meridional

Recognition of the importance of institutions that provide security of property rights and relatively equal access to economic resources to a broad cross-section of society has renewed interest in the potential of asset redistribution, including land reforms. Empirical analysis of the impact of such policies is, however, scant and often contradictory. This paper uses panel household data from India, together with state-level variation in the implementation of land reform, to address some of the deficiencies of earlier studies.

Original People

Reports & Research
Noviembre, 2007
Tanzania

The Hadzabe community of the Yaida Valley requested UCRT to assist them to undertake a cultural mapping exercise.

Determinants and Consequences of Land Sales Market Participation : Panel Evidence from India

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Agosto, 2007
India
Asia meridional

Although opinions on impacts of land market transfers are sharply divided, few studies explore the welfare and productivity effects of land markets on a larger scale. This paper uses a large Indian panel spanning almost 20 years, together with a climatic shock (rainfall) indicator, to assess the productivity and equity effects of market-mediated land transfers (sale and purchase) compared with non-market ones (inheritance). The analysis shows that frequent shocks increase land market activity, an effect that is mitigated by the presence of safety nets and banks.

Personal, physical and socioeconomic factors affecting farmers' adoption of land consolidation

Policy Papers & Briefs
Junio, 2007
Turquía
Europa

Ownership of agricultural land is very fragmented in Turkey, as is the case in countries within central Europe. This prevents agricultural efficiency from reaching desired levels. Land consolidation involves redistributing land ownership so that individual farmers own fewer, larger, more compact and more contiguous land parcels. In Turkey, generally voluntary land consolidation projects are performed, while some financial limitations and political conditions prevent land consolidation reach to its desired level.