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Small Family Farms Country Factsheet: Tajikistan

Policy Papers & Briefs
Noviembre, 2018
Tajikistan

Although only 5 percent of Tajikistan's land area is farmable due to the country's mountainous geography, agriculture accounts for 53 percent of total employment. Among those households that engage in agriculture, almost 90 percent can be classified as small family farms. With 0.2 hectares on average, Tajikistan's smallholders operate on very marginalized farmland which makes it less surprising that on-farm income and income from non-agricultural wages are almost evenly balanced.

A hybrid approach to decolonize formal water law in Africa

Reports & Research
Octubre, 2018
Kenya
South Africa
Uganda
Zimbabwe
Malawi
Africa

In recent decades, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have pursued national water permit systems, derived from the colonial era and reinforced by “global best practice.” These systems have proved logistically impossible to manage and have worsened inequality in water access. A new study conducted by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and Pegasys Institute, with support from the UK government, traces the origins of these systems, and describes their implementation and consequences for rural smallholders in five countries – Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe.

Modelling Land Sharing and Land Sparing Relationship with Rural Population in the Cerrado

Peer-reviewed publication
Septiembre, 2018
Global

Agricultural expansion and intensification enabled growth of food production but resulted in serious environmental changes. In light of that, debates concerning sustainability in agriculture arises on scientific literature. Land sharing and land sparing are two opposite models for framing agricultural sustainability. The first aims to integrate agricultural activities with biodiversity conservation by means of enhancing the quality of the agricultural matrix in the landscape towards a wildlife friendly matrix.

História das ideias de um movimento camponês transnacional

Journal Articles & Books
Junio, 2018
América Latina e Caribe

Analisa-se como observador-participante a evolução do pensamento do movimento social camponês transnacional, a Via Campesina, nos últimos 25 anos, sobre os temas da reforma agrária e da defesa da terra e do território. O mundo rural e a questão agrária mudaram e as mudanças externas aos movimentos, juntamente com seus diálogos de saberes e suas trocas de experiências internas, geraram novas posições, estratégias de luta, consensos e dilemas.

Los procesos de espacialización de la población en las ciudades : una alternativa de la intervención estatal a la superación del desplazamiento forzado. Colombia 2004 – 2015

Reports & Research
Mayo, 2018
Colombia

Desde el reconocimiento de la existencia del desplazamiento forzado, el Estado ha ampliado y fortalecido la protección para los derechos de las víctimas. No obstante, las vulnerabilidades asociadas a la situación de desplazamiento se han agudizado. Este escenario da cuenta de una relación paradójica. En este trabajo pretendo mostrar una de las caras de esa situación, la forma en que el Estado ha administrado el asentamiento de la población en situación de desplazamiento como una forma de respuesta a las demandas de las víctimas para la cesación de la situación de desplazamiento.

A Fair Share for Women: Toward More Equitable Land Compensation and Resettlement in Tanzania and Mozambique

Policy Papers & Briefs
Febrero, 2018
Mozambique
Tanzania

Tanzania and Mozambique — countries of vast mountain ranges and open stretches of plateaus — now face a growing land problem. As soil degradation, climate change and population growth place enormous strains on the natural resources that sustain millions of people, multinational companies are also gunning for large swaths of land across both countries. Caught between these pressures, many poor, rural communities get displaced or decide to sell their collectively held land.

Land rights as a critical factor in donor agricultural investments: Constraints and opportunities for yieldwise in Kenya's mango value chain

Reports & Research
Enero, 2018
África
África subsahariana
Kenya
Tanzania
Nigeria

This study provides a case study of the mango value chain in Kenya and seeks to better understand key linkages between land rights and project outcomes. It explores (1) whether and how land rights for Kenya’s mango farmers affect project uptake and success; and (2) what (if any) are this project’s unintended consequences on land tenure in implementation areas.

Participação e Protagonismo das Mulheres no Território da Cidadania da Baixada Cuiabana

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2017
América del Sur
Brasil

As reflexões e discussões contidas neste artigo são oriundas de ações realizadas no projeto “Interface entre extensão e pesquisa no acompanhamento de empreendimentos econômicos e solidários em comunidades tradicionais e áreas de quilombo no território da Cidadania na Baixada Cuiabana MT”.

Agricultural land in Myanmar’s dry zone

Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre, 2017
Asia sudoriental
Asia
Myanmar

In this research highlight, we present analysis of agricultural land use, distribution, access, tenure, land markets, and historical patterns of ownership and disposal. Findings are derived from a representative survey of 1578 rural households in Myanmar’s Central Dry Zone - the Rural Economy and Agriculture Dry Zone Survey (READZ). The READZ survey was conducted from April to May 2017 in four townships (Magway, Pwinbyu, Myittha, and Budalin) in Magway, Mandalay and Sagaing regions.

Methodology of studying preferences among rural residents as element of procedure for public land management in rural areas

Conference Papers & Reports
Diciembre, 2017
Poland
Latvia

Business activities conducted in rural areas are associated with crop cultivation, animal rearing and agricultural produce processing. The countryside residents, after hard work, should be offered a chance of having pleasant leisure time activities. In general, the ambient conditions in rural areas provide many opportunities, but the surroundings should be adapted as to allow the pursuit of various forms of recreation.

Recognition and Respect for Tenure Rights

Reports & Research
Noviembre, 2017
Global

Recognition and respect for tenure rights has long been recognized as an important concern for development, conservation, and natural resource governance. This paper discusses why secure tenure rights for local communities, indigenous peoples and women are central to good natural resource governance and important for livelihoods and human rights, as recognized in multiple international conventions. The paper reviews both challenges and opportunities for securing rights in practice and highlights successful cases of tenure reform.