Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Rural Land Administration and Land Use Proclamation (No. 456/2005). | Land Portal

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This Proclamation provides for a new system of administration for rural land management and use and for sustainable rural land use planning based on the different agro-ecological zones of the country necessary for the conservation and development of natural resources. This Proclamation shall apply to any rural land in Ethiopia, i.e. any land outside of a municipality holding or a town designated as such by the relevant law.The Proclamation, among other things: provides rules relative to acquisition and use of rural land by peasant farmers or pastoralists, transfer of rural land use rights, distribution of rural land, resolution of disputes, restrictions on the use of rural land; and defines responsibilities of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and Regions.

Repeals: Rural Land Administration Proclamation of the Federal Government of Ethiopia (No. 89/1997). (1997-07-07)

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Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front.

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