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Resultados de la búsqueda

Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 663.
  1. Library Resource
    Indonesia's land reform: Implications for local livelihoods and climate change
    Publicación revisada por pares
    Noviembre, 2019
    Indonesia

    One of the main components of Indonesia's Just Economy policy is extensive and rapid land reform, which targets about 12% of the country's land area for redistribution to farmers and communities by 2019. Much of the reform is occurring on forest land. At the same time, the country has pledged a significant reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, two thirds of which is to be achieved from forests. Hence agrarian reform potentially conflicts with emission reduction commitments.

  2. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Agosto, 2019
    Liberia, Sierra Leona

    This book argues that a set of persuasive narratives about the links between natural resource, armed conflict and peacebuilding have strongly influenced the natural resource interventions pursued by international peacebuilders. The author shows how international peacebuilders active in Liberia and Sierra Leone pursued a collective strategy to transform “conflict resources” into “peace resources” vis-à-vis a policy agenda that promoted “securitization” and “marketization” of natural resources.

  3. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Julio, 2019
    Camerún

    Land resources in montane highlands often represent common property prerequisites for the survival and sustenance of the human in communities that are dependent thereof. The Oku and Mbessa communities on the northern fringe of the Ijim-Kilum citadel have in the course of manning their respective base resources sowed a spectre of edgy perceptions and practices of ownership entitlements that have hatched land resource conflicts.

  4. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Septiembre, 2019
    África occidental, Ghana

    Over the past two decades, “illegal” natural resource extraction has become a significant driver of environmental change and social conflict across the Global South. In response, numerous Sub-Saharan African states have engaged in governance reforms that heed calls to securitize – or, establish and consolidate state control over – natural resources. In Ghana, securitization has served to entrench the informal economy as domestic producers, marginalized in the process of reform, continue to utilize non-state institutions to maintain access.

  5. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Febrero, 2019
    Nigeria

    This report examines the challenges and opportunities of Feed the Future, the U.S. government’s global hunger and food security initiative, working in the complex political, economic, environmental, and cultural context of Nigeria. With the initiative moving into its second phase, adding resilience as a strategic objective and including more fragile target countries like Nigeria, Feed the Future needs to evolve its model to meet the needs of the world’s most at-risk populations.

  6. Library Resource

    With an independence referendum on the horizon, reopening the Panguna mine offers both attractive opportunities and terrible consequences.

    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Noviembre, 2019
    Oceanía

    The Panguna mine on the Pacific island of Bougainville is one of the largest copper and gold deposits in the world. 

    The mine was also at the center of a decade-long civil war fought between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and the Papua New Guinea Defense Force in the 1990s. The conflict cost as many as 15,000 lives and displaced 40,000 of the island’s 200,000 inhabitants.

  7. Library Resource
    Synthesis of agricultural land system change in China over the past 40 years
    Publicación revisada por pares
    Febrero, 2019
    China

    In summary, China presents a particularly intriguing case for the study of land system dynamics with its spatial patterns of cropland and crops, crop structure and diversity, land transfer and consolidation, and land use intensity changes against the backdrop of its rapid socio-economic transformation, globalization, and environmental challenges. Moreover, after 40 years since the commencement of China’s Economic Reform and the de-collectivization of agriculture, it is a good time to review and reflect how China’s agricultural land systems have been transformed.

  8. Library Resource
    Editora UFS
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Enero, 2020
    América del Sur, Brasil
  9. Library Resource
    Manual y guías
    Septiembre, 2019
    África, América Latina y el Caribe, Asia, Global

    Le présent outil identifie des éléments-clés que les décideurs devraient considérer lors de l’élaboration de lois sur la foresterie communautaire. Il comprend d’une part des questions pour la mise en oeuvre de processus de réformes juridiques inclusifs et cohérents permettant d’atteindre un consensus et une série de questionnaires sur dix thématiques clés, visant à permettre un fondement solide des législations sur la foresterie communautaire :

  10. Library Resource
    Manual y guías
    Septiembre, 2019
    África, América Latina y el Caribe, Asia, Global

    This Toolkit identifies common key questions that decision-makers can use to develop or review laws on community forestry. It consists of key points for inclusive, consistent reforms that are conductive to consensus and a series of questionnaires on ten key thematic areas aiming at providing a strong foundation for community forestry-related laws:

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