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Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesDiciembre, 2004Malí
Library ResourceArtículos de revistas y librosAgosto, 2004Kenya
The purpose of this Issues Paper is to move the debate and stimulate discussion of issues relevant to women’s land rights and social security beyond the unfulfilled demands for gender responsive land policies and land legal framework. It is based on lessons learned from various research findings, Kenya Land Alliance experience and discussions with colleagues with whom we work with in various capacities on land policy and law reforms in Kenya and others parts of Africa.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesJulio, 2004Tanzania, África austral, África oriental
This paper argues that widows and female children in Tanzania have traditionally been denied the right to inherit property from their husbands, even when the property was acquired during the marriage. This is further complicated by a three-part legal system consisting of customary law (law grounded in customs or traditions), Islamic law, and statutory law (law set down by a legislature). As a result, Tanzanian women and their children are often left homeless upon the death of their husbands.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesEnero, 2005África austral, África oriental
How can the abstract principles of the human rights-based approach (HRBA) be translated into practical strategies to improve women's ownership and access to land? In Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Kenya, despite changes in national law and policy aiming to improve women's land tenure, none of the land reforms meet human rights standards. This is because legal regulation of land blurs with customary laws mostly relating to land transactions and family, marriage or inheritance.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesEnero, 2004Kenya, Zambia, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, África oriental, África austral
What are the links between HIV/AIDS and women's property rights in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)? This paper asks if women's lack of rights increases household poverty and their own vulnerability to infection, and if securing these rights can reduce the impacts of the epidemic on poverty. The paper notes that gender inequality in land ownership is common in SSA, due to male preference in inheritance, male bias in state programmes of land distribution, and gender inequality in the land market.
Library ResourceRecursos y herramientas de capacitaciónDocumentos de política y resúmenesEnero, 2004Eslovenia, Liechtenstein, Bangladesh, Eslovaquia, El Salvador, Croacia, Chile, Zimbabwe, Alemania, Suiza, Hungría, Australia, Tanzania, Polonia, India, Brasil, República Checa, Europa oriental, Global, América central, África oriental, América del Sur, África austral, Asia oriental, Caribe, Asia meridional, Asia central
Citizenship is an abstract concept and therefore great care must be taken in explaining what it means in practice and what can effectively be done in the context of development interventions and policy. Development projects which enhance the ability of marginalised groups to access and influence decision-making bodies are implicitly if not explicitly working with concepts of citizenship. Citizenship is about concrete institutions, policy and structures and the ways in which people can shape them using ideas of rights and participation.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesEnero, 2005Tanzania, África austral, África oriental
The Women Advancement Trust (WAT) in Tanzania carries out various initiatives related to land rights, affordable housing, and inheritance rights. This report presents lessons learned from a housing and shelter development initiative. The goals of the initiative were to empower low-income communities, particularly women, to participate fully and actively in all aspects of human settlements development, including the improvement of their living and housing conditions.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesOctubre, 2004Zimbabwe, África austral, África oriental
Land distribution and access to land are key issues in Zimbabwe. In recent years, nearly all of the country's commercial farm land has been re-designated, leaving most farm workers dislocated from their farm villages. The government of Zimbabwe argues that the land reform programme is needed to achieve historical and social justice. However, this article concludes that the government is engaged in serious human rights violations and is appropriating land to distribute to its followers for political not social justice ends.
Library ResourceDocumentos de política y resúmenesEnero, 2004Ghana, África occidental
This study attempts to analyse changing patterns of land transfer and ownership, as well as school investments by gender over three generations in customary land areas of Ghana's Western Region. Traditional inheritance rules deny land ownership rights to women. Yet the increase in the demand for women's labour due to the expansion of labour intensive cocoa cultivation has created incentives for husbands to give their wives and children land. Through this and other gift mechanisms, women have increasingly acquired land, thereby reducing the gender gap in land ownership.
Library ResourceEnero, 2005Ucrania, Kirguistán, Rusia, Moldavia, Belarús, Sudáfrica, Tayikistán, Turkmenistán, Uzbekistán, Tanzania, Kazajstán, Armenia, Brasil, África subsahariana, América Latina y el Caribe
This brief explores the reform of land tenure institutions which re-emerged in the 1990s, and asks if these reforms are any more gender sensitive than those of the past?The paper highlights that a focus of the recent reforms has been on land titling, designed to promote security of tenure and stimulate land markets. The reforms have often been driven by domestic and external neoliberal coalitions, with funding from global and regional organisations which have argued that private property rights are essential for a dynamic agricultural sector.
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