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Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 33.
  1. Library Resource

    evolution of land tenure institutions in Western Ghana and Sumatra

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Informes e investigaciones
    Diciembre, 2001
    África occidental, África subsahariana, Asia sudoriental, África, Asia, Ghana, Indonesia

    This research report examines three questions that are central to IFPRI research: How do property-rights institutions affect efficiency and equity? How are resources allocated within households? Why does this matter from a policy perspective? As part of a larger multicountry study on property rights to land and trees, this study focuses on the evolution from customary land tenure with communal ownership toward individualized rights, and how this shift affects women and men differently.This study’s key contribution is its multilevel econometric analysis of efficiency and equity issues.

  2. Library Resource
    Publicación revisada por pares
    Informes e investigaciones
    Diciembre, 2005
    África oriental, África subsahariana, África, Kenya

    Western Kenya is one of the most densely populated areas in Africa. Farming there is characterized by low inputs and low crop productivity. Poverty is rampant in the region. Yet the potential for agriculture is considered good. In the study described here, researchers looked specifially at soil fertility replenishment (SFR) systems...Focused on two specific systems -- the tree-based "improved fallow" system and the biomass transfer system -- the study compared rates of adoption in poor and nonpoor communities and evaluated the extent to which their adoption reduced poverty.

  3. Library Resource
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Diciembre, 2005
    África oriental, África subsahariana, África, Kenya

    Western Kenya is one of the most densely populated areas in Africa. Farming there is characterized by low inputs and low crop productivity. Poverty is rampant in the region. Yet the potential for agriculture is considered good.

  4. Library Resource
    Publicación revisada por pares
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Diciembre, 2015
    África austral, Asia central, América del Sur, África, Asia, África occidental, África oriental, África austral, Asia meridional, África subsahariana, Asia central, América del Sur, África, Asia

    In addition to global developments and food policy changes, 2014 also saw important developments with potentially wide repercussions in individual countries and regions. This chapter offers perspectives on major food policy developments in various regions including Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean.

  5. Library Resource
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Diciembre, 2018
    África oriental, África subsahariana, África, Uganda

    Programs that seek to increase women’s participation in marketing activities related to the principal household economic activity must involve men if they are to be successful. In this paper we analyze take-up of a project that sought to increase women’s involvement in sugarcane marketing and sales by encouraging the registration of a sugarcane block contract in the wife’s name. We find that men who are more educated and live in households with higher wealth and expenditures are more likely to agree to the registration.

  6. Library Resource
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Diciembre, 2018
    África austral, África occidental, África subsahariana, Asia meridional, Asia, África, Bangladesh, Ghana, Zambia

    As climate change makes precipitation shocks more common, policymakers are becoming increasingly interested in protecting food systems and nutrition outcomes from the damaging effects of droughts and floods (Wheeler and von Braun, 2013). Increasing the resilience of nutrition and food security outcomes is especially critical throughout agrarian parts of the developing world, where human subsistence and well-being are directly affected by local rainfall.

  7. Library Resource
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Diciembre, 2018
    África oriental, África subsahariana, África, Uganda

    This project tests two approaches to increasing women’s integration into and returns from cash crop value chains. We aim to determine whether these interventions affect intrahousehold allocation of resources, decision-making power, consumption and investment, productivity of the cash crop at the household level, and success of contract ful-fillment for the buyer of the crop.

  8. Library Resource
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Diciembre, 2017
    África occidental, África subsahariana, África, Senegal

    Health-related incentives to reward effort or commitment are commonplace in many professional contracts throughout the world. Typically absent from small-scale agriculture in poor countries, such incentives may help overcome both health issues for remote rural families and supply issues for firms. Using a randomized control design, we investigate the impact of adding a micronutrient-fortified product in contracts between a Senegalese dairy processing factory and its seminomadic milk suppliers.

  9. Library Resource
    Publicación revisada por pares
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Diciembre, 2003
    África, África subsahariana, Asia, Asia meridional, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sudáfrica, Etiopía, Ghana, Zambia

    This book synthesizes IFPRI's recent work on the role of gender in household decisionmaking in developing countries, provides evidence on how reducing gender gaps can contribute to improved food security, health, and nutrition in developing countries, and gives examples of interventions that actually work to reduce gender disparities. It is an accessible, easy-to-read synthesis of the gender research that IFPRI has undertaken in the 1990s.

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