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Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 1685.
  1. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Julio, 2019
    Camerún

    Land resources in montane highlands often represent common property prerequisites for the survival and sustenance of the human in communities that are dependent thereof. The Oku and Mbessa communities on the northern fringe of the Ijim-Kilum citadel have in the course of manning their respective base resources sowed a spectre of edgy perceptions and practices of ownership entitlements that have hatched land resource conflicts.

  2. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 4

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Abril, 2020
    República Democrática del Congo

    Inappropriate land management leads to soil loss with destruction of the land’s resource and sediment input into the receiving river. Part of the sediment budget of a catchment is the estimation of soil loss. In the Ruzizi catchment in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), only limited research has been conducted on soil loss mainly dealing with local observations on geomorphological forms or river load measurements; a regional quantification of soil loss is missing so far. Such quantifications can be calculated using the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE).

  3. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 3

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Marzo, 2020
    República Democrática del Congo, India, Kenya

    The livelihoods of indigenous peoples, custodians of the world’s forests since time immemorial, were eroded as colonial powers claimed de jure control over their ancestral lands. The continuation of European land regimes in Africa and Asia meant that the withdrawal of colonial powers did not bring about a return to customary land tenure. Further, the growth in environmentalism has been interpreted by some as entailing conservation ahead of people.

  4. Library Resource
    Comment la REDD+ peut-elle contribuer à promouvoir et soutenir les garanties sociales dans les législations nationales ?

    Étude comparative des garanties sociales intégrées dans les législations du Ghana, du Libéria et de la République du Congo

    Informes e investigaciones
    Abril, 2020
    Congo, Ghana, Liberia

    L’Afrique de l’Ouest et centrale abrite 25 % des forêts tropicales de la planète. La déforestation y est une préoccupation centrale au défi climatique. Face à cette menace, des lois nationales visent à protéger et à restaurer les forêts, ainsi qu’à encadrer leur utilisation pour le développement national.

  5. Library Resource
    Documentos de conferencias e informes
    Diciembre, 2015
    Angola, Burundi, Benin, Burkina Faso, Botswana, República Centroafricana, Côte d'Ivoire, Camerún, República Democrática del Congo, Congo, Djibouti, Egipto, Eritrea, Etiopía, Gabón, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Lesotho, Marruecos, Madagascar, Malí, Mozambique, Mauritania, Malawi, Namibia, Níger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudán, Senegal, Sierra Leona, Sudán del Sur, Esuatini, Chad, Togo, Túnez, Tanzania, Sudáfrica, Zambia, Zimbabwe, África occidental, África oriental, África septentrional, África Central, África austral

    Land degradation and desertification are among the biggest environmental challenges of our time. In the last 40 years, we lost nearly a third of the world’s arable farmland due to erosion, just as the number of people to be fed from it almost doubled. That’s why the UN General Assembly declared 2015 as the International Year of Soils. And the good news is that this new report shows that while Africa remains the most severely a«ected region, the benefit of taking action across the continent outweighs the cost of implementing it: not just by a little, but by a factor of seven.

  6. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Marzo, 2016
    Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, África oriental, África Central, África austral

    Variability in woody plant species, vegetation assemblages and anthropogenic activities derails the efforts to have common approaches for estimating biomass and carbon stocks in Africa. In order to suggest management options, it is important to understand the vegetation dynamics and the major drivers governing the observed conditions. This study uses data from 29 sentinel landscapes (4640 plots) across the southern Africa. We used T-Square distance method to sample trees.

  7. Library Resource
    Anuario Antropologico
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Enero, 2015
    África, África subsahariana, Santo Tomé y Príncipe

    A independência de São Tomé e Príncipe, em 1975, foi um projeto de um grupo muito restrito de exilados. O arquipélago tornou-se independente sob a liderança do Movimento de Libertação de São Tomé e Príncipe (MLSTP) e Pinto da Costa. Apesar de alguns militantes viverem no Gabão e não serem socialistas, o MLSTP, apoiado pelo Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola, tornou-se socialista. Depois de 1975, sob a ditadura do partido único, o MLSTP tentou impor uma política que enfatizava o valor do trabalho e o ideal do homem novo.

  8. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Noviembre, 1997
    Camerún

    One of the environmental consequences of slash-and-burn farming is the loss of forest system carbon which in turn contributes to atmospheric change and impacts upon global climates. International attention has become focused upon the development of alternatives to slash-and-burn agriculture to alleviate poverty, protect biodiversity and reduce climate change. Before alternative land use systems can be evaluated in terms of carbon sequestration, baseline measurements of carbon dynamics resulting from current practices are required.

  9. Library Resource
    USP
    Publicación revisada por pares
    Octubre, 2019
    África, Angola

    Este artigo analisa os conflitos de terra que decorreram da instalação de uma fábrica de ferro na região da Ilamba, no interior de Angola, na segunda metade do século XVIII. A desapropriação das terras africanas, na África Centro-Ocidental, em períodos anteriores ao século XIX, é uma temática pouco abordada pela historiografia.

  10. Library Resource

    Volume 8 Issue 7

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Julio, 2019
    Botswana, Zambia, Malí, Tanzania, Camerún, África

    Recent debates in social anthropology on land acquisitions highlight the need to go further back in history in order to analyse their impacts on local livelihoods. The debate over the commons in economic and ecological anthropology helps us understand some of today’s dynamics by looking at precolonial common property institutions and the way they were transformed by Western colonization to state property and then, later in the age of neoliberalism, to privatization and open access.

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