On 27 September 2020, Azerbaijan went to war with Armenia on a scale not seen since the ceasefire of 1994. The conflict ended in another cease- fire on 10 November 2020, however, in addition to the theatre of war, the conflict has been prosecuted and continues to be fought post-ceasefire, through claims to cultural heritage which are employed in international organisations to substantiate the legitimacy of territorial claims.
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Library ResourceArtículos de revistas y librosOctubre, 2021Armenia, Azerbaiyán
Library ResourceArtículos de revistas y librosMarzo, 2022África, América Latina y el Caribe, Asia, Asia occidental, Europa, Oceanía, Global
The ongoing use of landscape-based conflict commodities — diamonds and other minerals, timber, wildlife, etc. — to finance wars continues to evolve. The success with which such commodities can be transacted to support militaries, militias and insurgencies has led belligerents to innovate with additional commodities. Housing, land and property (HLP) rights within war zones have belatedly joined the list of conflict commodities that are subject to transaction, and to such an extent as to warrant significant concern.
Library ResourceArtículos de revistas y librosEnero, 2021Siria
The impending close to the war in Syria brings to the fore the prospect of approximately 13 million forcibly displaced people considering returns to places of origin in the country. However the reattachment of people to their housing, land and property (HLP) faces a daunting set of challenges—the prospect of demographic change, the application of expropriation laws, confiscations and political agendas.
Library ResourcePublicación revisada por paresEnero, 2021Siria
The current relationship between Syria and the West cripples any real prospect for reconstruction. Western sanctions on reconstruction as a political tool aimed at the regime, have wide-ranging negative impacts on the civilian population – while having little hope of political success. For agriculture the repercussions of sanctions on reconstruction are severe, affecting refugee returns, livelihood recovery, food security and stabilization.
Library ResourceArtículos de revistas y librosJunio, 2019Túnez, Madagascar, Sierra Leona, Haití, Líbano, Europa, Francia
Library ResourceEnero, 2007Argelia, Egipto, Marruecos, Yemen, Turquía, Somalia, Jordania, Siria, Túnez, Djibouti, Sudán, Líbano, Asia occidental, África septentrional
Poverty in the Near East and North Africa region (NENA) is mainly a rural phenomenon. Almost half (48%) the area’s population lives in rural areas. This report focuses on key rural poverty issues in 13 diverse countries in the region, without attempting to propose policy or programme actions at national or local levels. Overall, the rural poor still face traditional constraints such as water scarcity, inadequate rural infrastructure, inappropriate policies and institutions, weak local-level organisations and gender inequity.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesDiciembre, 2012Yemen, Sudán, Turquía, Asia central, Asia occidental, África septentrional
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesDiciembre, 2000Turquía
This report investigates how much water is required to maintain the freshwater reed beds that are the main shelter and breeding place for threatened bird species. The ability of Gediz basin to fulfill this requirement and the effects of this requirement on irrigated agriculture, the major competitor for water in the Gediz basin were subsequently examined.
Library ResourceDocumentos de conferencias e informesDiciembre, 2001Francia, Sudáfrica, Indonesia, Alemania, Turquía, Estados Unidos de América, México, Australia
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesRecursos y herramientas de capacitaciónSeptiembre, 2009Palestina, Asia occidental, África septentrional
On August 25, 2009, the 13th Government of the Palestinian Authority (PA) presented a program entitled "Palestine: ending the occupation, establishing the state" (hereafter referred to as the program) outlining several national goals, including the achievement of 'economic independence and national prosperity'. The program accords high priority to the development of the public institutions of the PA in order to achieve the stated national goals.
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