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Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 2627.
  1. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Febrero, 0200
    Nigeria

    The recent spate of violence mostly in north-central and southern Nigeria, typically credited to conflicts between herders and farmers, and the reactions, narratives, and representations that have attended them, calls for an examination of core security questions: who or what is to be secured, from what threat and by what means. In fact, it could be further contextualized as: how is the conflict between farmers and herders constructed, framed, and represented as (in)security within the Nigerian context?

  2. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Octubre, 2016
    Burkina Faso, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire

    This chapter is a case study that tests hypotheses in order to determine if political factors can reduce violence in cases of climate-change-induced or -aggravated agro-pastoral conflicts over natural resources. Three West African countries were selected because of their common socio-economic and environmental characteristics and because they host comparable farmer–herder conflicts: Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. The level of farmer–herder conflicts is estimated to have risen between 1960 and 2000 in the three countries.

  3. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Febrero, 2017
    Filipinas

    On February 2, 2017, Philippine Environment Secretary Gina Lopez, who has the full backing of the country’s controversial president Duterte, announced the closure of 23 large-scale mining operations. Two weeks later, on February 14, she announced the cancellation of 75 large-scale mining contracts, as a 

  4. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 3

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Marzo, 2020
    China

    A new urbanization and rural revitalization strategy has been implemented in China over a number of years, under which farmers’ land contract rights (LCRs) flow inevitably through various means. The practice in reform pilot areas indicates that government funds cannot meet all the needs, so exploring market-based LCR payout paths is important for rural land tenure system reform. The purpose of this study is to answer questions such as the following: How would farmers respond if they were allowed to trade LCRs? Is there an equilibrium point between the potential supply and demand of LCRs?

  5. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 3

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Marzo, 2020
    China

    In the last decade, despite considerable research developed for the forestland leasing market, little has been published in terms of econometric results on determinants of intentions and behaviors of Chinese farmers. With respect to leasing forestland, this study uses a Bayesian logit model to examine the factors that influence farmers’ intentions, using household data collected in one county in 2017. The results show that farmers’ past experience of leasing forestlands have significant impacts on their leasing intentions.

  6. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 3

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Marzo, 2020
    África

    Maize has become the second most produced crop in the world. Specifically, in sub-Saharan Africa, global statistics show that more and more land is being used for (small-scale) maize production to meet future food demands. From 2007 to 2017, the area on which maize is grown in sub-Saharan Africa has increased by almost 60%. This rate of expansion is considered unsustainable and is expected to come at the expense of crop diversity and the environment.

  7. Library Resource
    Rapport IFPRI
    Informes e investigaciones
    Abril, 2020
    Global

    Nos systèmes alimentaires vivent un moment critique : l’ampleur et le rythme des changements qu’ils subissent au niveau mondial, régional, national et local sont sans précédent. Ils évoluent rapidement pour s’adapter à une demande croissante et changeante, mais ils ne répondent pas aux besoins de chacun. Au moment de mettre sous presse ce rapport, une nouvelle menace émergeait dans le monde : l’épidémie de coronavirus.

  8. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Diciembre, 2009
    Viet Nam

    ABSTRACTED FROM INTRODUCTION: This paper traces the implications of key agrarian transformations −particularly the reforms in land policy and emerging land relations− for livelihood security and vulnerability. Part of a broader societal transformation and globalization of economies, these new development trajectories include commercialization of farmers’ produce, contract farming, cooperative sector reform, rising landlessness and tenant farming, and the end of exclusive dependence on land for earning a living.

  9. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Diciembre, 2008
    Myanmar

    Myanmar's agricultural economy has been under transition from a planned to a market system since the late 1980s and has experienced a substantial increase in production. However, little research is available on the impact of economic policies in this country on agricultural production decisions and rural incomes. Therefore, this paper investigates the impact using a micro dataset collected in 2001 and covering more than 500 households in eight villages with diverse agro-ecological environments.

  10. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Diciembre, 2007
    Viet Nam

    The paper documents how the implementation of the land tenure policy of the Vietnamese government has affected the agricultural system, livelihood strategies and food self-sufficiency of Thai farmers in a remote upland village, Que, in Nghe An Province, North Central Vietnam. It is shown that the enforcement of restrictions on the area under swidden agriculture has resulted in a strong reduction of swidden agriculture production and shortened fallow periods, not compensated for by the slow increase in paddy rice production.

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