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Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 20709.
  1. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    Tierras Australes y Antárticas Francesas, República Centroafricana, Noruega, Sudáfrica, África austral

    Joint Ventures (JVs) between ‘agribusiness’ investors and ‘small farmers’ or ‘customary landowners’ are being promoted in South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme as a way to include land reform beneficiaries in the country’s competitive agricultural sector. This paper undertakes an in-depth comparative analysis of two JV dairy farms located on irrigation schemes in the former ‘homeland’ of the Ciskei, in South Africa’s Eastern Cape Province. The community, through government investment, brings the fixed assets to the business: land, irrigation infrastructure and milking parlours.

  2. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    Guinea, Oceanía

    Papua New Guinea is a country in Oceania that hosts unique rain forests and forest ecosystems which are crucial for sequestering atmospheric carbon, conserving biodiversity, supporting the livelihood of indigenous people, and underpinning the timber market of the country. As a result of urban sprawl, agricultural expansion, and illegal logging, there has been a tremendous increase in land-use land cover (LULC) change happening in the country in the past few decades and this has triggered massive deforestation and forest degradation.

  3. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    Ghana, África subsahariana

    Ghana is urbanising rapidly, and over half of the country’s population have lived in urban areas since 2010. Although research has proliferated to explore Ghana’s urbanisation, there is a dearth of research that holistically explores the wider sustainability implications of urbanisation, offers comparative perspectives in the context of large and smaller urban areas, and provides a perspective of local level urbanisation in the context of resource extraction (mining).

  4. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    Japón

    Peri-urban agriculture (PUA) has been widely regarded as a sub-field of multifunctional agriculture for improving the sustainability of urban environments. However, urban sprawl has both negative and positive effects on peri-urban farming, and the research on this issue in Japan is insufficient.

  5. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    China, Rusia, Estados Unidos de América

    The rapid growth of China’s economy since the reform in 1978 should be largely attributed to urbanization. Nonetheless, in terms of farmland productivity, urbanization may lead to perverse incentives and thus threaten food security. On the one hand, the requisition–compensation balance of farmland (RCBF) policy could reduce farmland productivity because of a “superior occupation and inferior compensation”; on the other hand, urbanization promotes the transfer of the younger labor force and thus reduces the productivity of the agricultural labor force.

  6. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    República de Corea

    Mapping the characteristics and extent of environmental conflicts related to land use is important for developing regionally specific policies. However, because it is only possible to verify the frequency of conflicts on a specific predetermined subject, it is difficult to determine the various reasons for conflicts in a region. Therefore, this study mapped the current status of regional environmental conflicts in South Korea using a spatial text mining technique, then proposed relevant management policies.

  7. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    Indonesia, Estados Unidos de América

    The accelerated development of new urban areas has an impact on changes in the spatial use and complexity of ecosystems.

  8. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    Canadá, Europa

    The creation of Transboundary Biosphere Reserves (TBRs) is one of the most outstanding contributions of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB). Recent revisions have shown that there is a gap between its biodiversity conservation proposals and the theoretical convergence of nations towards sustainable development goals with the practices in action.

  9. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    Italia, Estados Unidos de América

    The research presented in the paper intends to overcome an information gap on the evolution of urbanized surfaces in Italy which in the studies carried out so far have never been available. The only historical data on this form of land use date back to the 1950s, and were extracted from a national cartography created by the Military Geographic Institute. The next chronological section available was then that of the noughties, already digital.

  10. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Septiembre, 2020
    China

    Worldwide urban spatial expansion has become a hot topic in recent decades. To develop effective urban growth containment strategies, it is important to understand the spatial patterns and driving forces of urban sprawl. By employing a spatial analysis method and land use survey data for the years 1996–2010, this study explores the effects of hierarchical administrative centers on the intensity and direction of urban land expansion in a Beijing municipality.

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