Two major innovations have inter alia emerged from the land reform in Madagascar: (i)
decentralised land management through the creation of local land offices, and (ii)
certification, which enables individuals to register private property provided the community
agrees on the legitimacy of the claimed rights.
Despite the political crisis and the withdrawal of international aid during this period (2009 -
2013), new local land offices have been created, and now cover a third of the country’s