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Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 78.
  1. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Abril, 2005
    Myanmar, Asia sudoriental

    ABSTRACT:
    "Is there a ‘best practice’ model for the legal recognition of customary tenure?
    If not, is it possible to identify the circumstances in which a particular model
    would be most appropriate? This article considers these questions in the light
    of economic theories of property rights, particularly as illustrated by the
    World Bank’s 2003 land policy report. While these theories have their flaws,
    the underlying concept of tenure security allows a typological framework for

  2. Library Resource
    A Fair Share for Women: Toward More Equitable Land Compensation and Resettlement in Tanzania and Mozambique cover image
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Marzo, 2018
    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Tanzania and Mozambique — countries of vast mountain ranges and open stretches of plateaus — now face a growing land problem. As soil degradation, climate change and population growth place enormous strains on the natural resources that sustain millions of people, multinational companies are also gunning for large swaths of land across both countries. Caught between these pressures, many poor, rural communities get displaced or decide to sell their collectively held land.

  3. Library Resource
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Diciembre, 2002
    América del Sur, Brasil

    This report identifies the links among economic growth, poverty alleviation, and natural resource degradation in Brazil. It examines the effects of (1) a major devaluation of the Brazilian real (R$); (2) improvements of infrastructure in the Amazon to link it with the rest of Brazil and bordering countries; (3) modification of land tenure regimes in the Amazon agricultural frontier; (4) adoption of technological change in agriculture both inside and outside the Amazon; and (5) fiscal mechanisms to reduce deforestation." -- from Author's Abstract

  4. Library Resource
    Publicación revisada por pares
    Informes e investigaciones
    Diciembre, 2002
    América del Sur, Brasil

    Since the 1970s, federal policies promoting migration and encouraging agricultural development of large farms, logging, and ranching have led to the deforestation of vast areas of the Amazon rainforest.Though these policies have largely been replaced, deforestation continues. What effects do current macroeconomic and regional policies and events have on deforestation and on the well-being of settlers on the agricultural frontier?

  5. Library Resource

    O caso econômico para a proteção dos direitos de terras indígenas na Amazônia

    Informes e investigaciones
    Octubre, 2016
    Amazonia

    Esse relatório apresenta as conclusões da análise custo-benefício para garantir a proteção das áreas florestais
    indígenas na bacia amazônica da Bolívia, Brasil e Colômbia. Esses países foram selecionados principalmente
    porque incluem uma significativa porção da bacia da Floresta Amazônica e seus governos reconhecem
    formalmente várias terras indígenas. A pesquisa tem por base o documento de trabalho recentemente publicado
    pelo WRI, Os custos e benefícios econômicos da proteção da posse de comunidade florestal: Evidências do Brasil

  6. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Diciembre, 2006
    Burkina Faso, Benin, Nigeria, Bélgica, Rwanda, Malí, Zimbabwe, Esuatini, Ghana, Sierra Leona, Etiopía, Níger, Camerún, Kenya, Mozambique, Sudáfrica, Lesotho, Uganda, Italia, Tanzania, Botswana, Francia, África

    Across rural Africa, land legislation struggles to be properly implemented, and most resource users gain access to land on the basis of local land tenure systems.

  7. Library Resource
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Diciembre, 2016
    Camboya

    The « Environment and Natural Resources Code of Cambodia » (Sixth Draft – – 20 November 2016) is a very extensive proposed law (535 pages !) which will have, if adopted, major impacts on many aspects of Cambodian development (Mines, Energy, Urban planning, etc..) but is particularly important for the management of Protected Areas and of Forests and Fisheries. The code has been elaborated by a panel of experts and several working groups led by Vishnu Law Group. A public national consultation has been organized by MOE in Dec 2016.



  8. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Enero, 2016
    Myanmar, Asia sudoriental

    CONCLUSION:
    "A developing country like Lao PDR is struggling to gain recognition from other countries
    in the world. This requires that the country applies a human rights perspective to
    governance of land. In this case the land rights are the rights of the ethnic groups in the
    uplands that practice customary communal tenure. These groups would like the
    government to accept and register their communal land use legally. The first step
    towards this is in the development of the National Land Use Policy which is still in draft.

  9. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Diciembre, 2011
    Bangladesh, Estados Unidos de América, Afganistán, China, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Australia, Laos, Reino Unido, Guinea, República de Corea, Tailandia, Nepal, Pakistán, Yemen, Filipinas, Singapur, Viet Nam, Kirguistán, Myanmar, Brunei Darussalam, Camboya, Japón, India, Kazajstán, Georgia, Malasia, Papua Nueva Guinea, Mongolia, Asia, Oceanía

    Land Tenure Working Paper 20. This paper presents an analysis of communal tenure and its role for natural resource management system, in different contexts of selected Asian countries. The current market driven pressures on natural resources create both challenges and opportunities for communities and governments to use and strengthen communal tenure in order to promote sustainable management of some natural resources.

  10. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Marzo, 2011
    Myanmar, Asia sudoriental

    Summary: "This paper presents an overview of the distinctive
    features of communal tenure in
    different community-based land and natural resource
    management systems. Communal
    tenure refers to situations where groups, communities, or one or more villages have
    well defined, exclusive rights to jointly own and/or manage particular areas of natural
    resources such as land, forest and water. These are
    often referred to as
    common pool
    resources: many rural communities are dependent on these resources for their

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