"Is there a ‘best practice’ model for the legal recognition of customary tenure?
If not, is it possible to identify the circumstances in which a particular model
would be most appropriate? This article considers these questions in the light
of economic theories of property rights, particularly as illustrated by the
World Bank’s 2003 land policy report. While these theories have their flaws,
the underlying concept of tenure security allows a typological framework for
Resultados de la búsquedaMostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 78.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesAbril, 2005Myanmar, Asia sudoriental
Library ResourceDocumentos de política y resúmenesMarzo, 2018Mozambique, Tanzania
Tanzania and Mozambique — countries of vast mountain ranges and open stretches of plateaus — now face a growing land problem. As soil degradation, climate change and population growth place enormous strains on the natural resources that sustain millions of people, multinational companies are also gunning for large swaths of land across both countries. Caught between these pressures, many poor, rural communities get displaced or decide to sell their collectively held land.
Library ResourceDocumentos de política y resúmenesDiciembre, 2002América del Sur, Brasil
This report identifies the links among economic growth, poverty alleviation, and natural resource degradation in Brazil. It examines the effects of (1) a major devaluation of the Brazilian real (R$); (2) improvements of infrastructure in the Amazon to link it with the rest of Brazil and bordering countries; (3) modification of land tenure regimes in the Amazon agricultural frontier; (4) adoption of technological change in agriculture both inside and outside the Amazon; and (5) fiscal mechanisms to reduce deforestation." -- from Author's Abstract
Library ResourcePublicación revisada por paresInformes e investigacionesDiciembre, 2002América del Sur, Brasil
Since the 1970s, federal policies promoting migration and encouraging agricultural development of large farms, logging, and ranching have led to the deforestation of vast areas of the Amazon rainforest.Though these policies have largely been replaced, deforestation continues. What effects do current macroeconomic and regional policies and events have on deforestation and on the well-being of settlers on the agricultural frontier?
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesOctubre, 2016Amazonia
Esse relatório apresenta as conclusões da análise custo-benefício para garantir a proteção das áreas florestais
indígenas na bacia amazônica da Bolívia, Brasil e Colômbia. Esses países foram selecionados principalmente
porque incluem uma significativa porção da bacia da Floresta Amazônica e seus governos reconhecem
formalmente várias terras indígenas. A pesquisa tem por base o documento de trabalho recentemente publicado
pelo WRI, Os custos e benefícios econômicos da proteção da posse de comunidade florestal: Evidências do Brasil
Library ResourceArtículos de revistas y librosDiciembre, 2006Burkina Faso, Benin, Nigeria, Bélgica, Rwanda, Malí, Zimbabwe, Esuatini, Ghana, Sierra Leona, Etiopía, Níger, Camerún, Kenya, Mozambique, Sudáfrica, Lesotho, Uganda, Italia, Tanzania, Botswana, Francia, África
Across rural Africa, land legislation struggles to be properly implemented, and most resource users gain access to land on the basis of local land tenure systems.
Library ResourceDocumentos de política y resúmenesDiciembre, 2016Camboya
The « Environment and Natural Resources Code of Cambodia » (Sixth Draft – – 20 November 2016) is a very extensive proposed law (535 pages !) which will have, if adopted, major impacts on many aspects of Cambodian development (Mines, Energy, Urban planning, etc..) but is particularly important for the management of Protected Areas and of Forests and Fisheries. The code has been elaborated by a panel of experts and several working groups led by Vishnu Law Group. A public national consultation has been organized by MOE in Dec 2016.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesEnero, 2016Myanmar, Asia sudoriental
"A developing country like Lao PDR is struggling to gain recognition from other countries
in the world. This requires that the country applies a human rights perspective to
governance of land. In this case the land rights are the rights of the ethnic groups in the
uplands that practice customary communal tenure. These groups would like the
government to accept and register their communal land use legally. The first step
towards this is in the development of the National Land Use Policy which is still in draft.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesDiciembre, 2011Bangladesh, Estados Unidos de América, Afganistán, China, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Australia, Laos, Reino Unido, Guinea, República de Corea, Tailandia, Nepal, Pakistán, Yemen, Filipinas, Singapur, Viet Nam, Kirguistán, Myanmar, Brunei Darussalam, Camboya, Japón, India, Kazajstán, Georgia, Malasia, Papua Nueva Guinea, Mongolia, Asia, Oceanía
Land Tenure Working Paper 20. This paper presents an analysis of communal tenure and its role for natural resource management system, in different contexts of selected Asian countries. The current market driven pressures on natural resources create both challenges and opportunities for communities and governments to use and strengthen communal tenure in order to promote sustainable management of some natural resources.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesMarzo, 2011Myanmar, Asia sudoriental
Summary: "This paper presents an overview of the distinctive
features of communal tenure in
different community-based land and natural resource
management systems. Communal
tenure refers to situations where groups, communities, or one or more villages have
well defined, exclusive rights to jointly own and/or manage particular areas of natural
resources such as land, forest and water. These are
often referred to as
resources: many rural communities are dependent on these resources for their
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