Tanzania and Mozambique — countries of vast mountain ranges and open stretches of plateaus — now face a growing land problem. As soil degradation, climate change and population growth place enormous strains on the natural resources that sustain millions of people, multinational companies are also gunning for large swaths of land across both countries. Caught between these pressures, many poor, rural communities get displaced or decide to sell their collectively held land.
Resultados de la búsquedaMostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 46.
Library ResourceDocumentos de política y resúmenesMarzo, 2018Mozambique, Tanzania
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesOctubre, 2013Myanmar
... Located on Myanmar’s eastern border with Thailand, Kayah State has long been isolated because of conflicts between the minority groups there and the Burmese army; as a result, little is known about its agricultural systems. As a preliminary to NGO agricultural development projects, an agrarian diagnosis of two major types of agroecosystems in the state—lowlands alluvial plains and uplands—was conducted. The objective was to identify recent agrarian changes leading to the current presence of different types of farmers in each area and understand their development potential.
Library ResourceArtículos de revistas y librosEnero, 2020América Latina y el Caribe, América del Sur, Brasil
Este artigo apresenta uma análise etnográfica acerca das políticas do habitar entre o povo Wapichana segundo modos específicos de relações com lugares. Em seguida aborda como essas formas próprias de habitar entraram em relação com a agenda de gestão territorial e ambiental de terras indígenas no Brasil por meio da elaboração de um Plano de Gestão Territorial e Ambiental – PGTA. Ao trazer esse encontro, o objetivo é destacar algumas dificuldades de translação na comunicação intercultural.
Library ResourceDocumentos de política y resúmenesDiciembre, 1998África subsahariana, África, Ghana
Land tenure institutions in customary land areas of Sub-Saharan Africa have been evolving towards individualized ownership. Communal land tenure institutions aim to achieve and preserve the equitable distribution of land (and hence, income) among community members. Uncultivated forestland is owned by the community or village, and as long as forest land is available, forest clearance of forest is easily approved by the village chief.
Library ResourceArtículos de revistas y librosJulio, 2015Kenya
In the recent past, high profile cases involving land governance problems have been thrust into the public domain. These include the case involving the grabbing of a playground belonging to Lang’ata Road Primary School in Nairobi and the tussle over a 134 acre piece of land in Karen. Land ownership and use have been a great source of conflict among communities and even families in Kenya, a situation exacerbated by corruption.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesAgosto, 2019Asia sudoriental, Camboya
A common misconception about CT systems in Cambodia is that it is confined to indigenous communities in the peripheral uplands of Cambodia and does not exist in their Khmer counterparts. In response, this research compares related studies on customary tenure in Khmer communities, and describes the evolution of customary tenure within them, the different categories of potential resources governed under customary tenure, and the governance regimes of those resources. It then proposes three practical cases/communities for further field-based documentation.
Library ResourceRecursos y herramientas de capacitaciónMateriales institucionales y promocionalesFebrero, 2016Myanmar
The poster presents an overview of land, livelihoods and customary practices in Nan-Pan Village, Southern Shan State, Myanmar. This poster is one of a five village case studies produced by partner organizations during field-based training on how to document customary tenure systems, supported by MRLG.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesEcuador
La distinción entre el derecho a la propiedad y el derecho de propiedad importa tanto en lo dogmático constitucional como en lo constitucional procesal, en la medida en que las garantías instituidas se activen suficientemente para proteger su oportuno ejercicio. Es necesario que los criterios de aplicación se homogenicen con el propósito de interpretar los derechos y la garantías de manera efectiva.
Library ResourceManual y guíasFebrero, 2017Myanmar
This guidebook provides conceptual, legal and practical tools and resources to help civil society organizations guide communities through the process of documenting customary tenure at the local level. It also provides suggestions for how to build on the momentum generated by the documentation process to develop strategies and actions to defend, strengthen and promote customary rights at community, regional and national level. The guidebook was developed out of practical experience and conversations with local groups in Myanmar that have been documenting customary tenure.
Library ResourceMateriales institucionales y promocionalesFebrero, 2016Myanmar
The poster presents an overview of forestland, livelihoods and customary practices in Man Ping Village, Northern Shan State, Myanmar. This poster is one of a five village case studies produced by partner organizations during field-based training on how to document customary tenure systems, supported by MRLG.
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