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Resultados de la búsqueda

Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 10427.
  1. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Mayo, 2023
    Sahara Occidental, África occidental, Senegal

    Les perturbations climatiques, l’évolution démographique et les sécheresses des dernières décennies, ont contribué à une rupture d’équilibre entre les systèmes de production pastorale et agricole, au détriment des pasteurs. À côté de ce contexte écosystémique, d’autres facteurs viennent aggraver la situation pastorale dans le Sahel, en particulier le rétrécissement de l’espace pastoral, grignoté par l’expansion des terres agricoles.

  2. Library Resource

    Sustainability

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Enero, 2017
    Uganda

    The extent of land affected by degradation in Uganda ranges from 20% in relatively flat and vegetation-covered areas to 90% in the eastern and southwestern highlands. Land degradation has adversely affected smallholder agro-ecosystems including direct damage and loss of critical ecosystem services such as agricultural land/soil and biodiversity. This study evaluated the extent of bare grounds in Nakasongola, one of the districts in the Cattle Corridor of Uganda and the yield responses of maize (Zea mays) and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to different tillage methods in the district.

  3. Library Resource

    Sustainability

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Enero, 2013
    Senegal

    In this paper, we present a distributional impact analysis of climate change policies envisaged or implemented to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Senegal. We consider policies implemented in developed countries and their impact on a developing country. Moreover, we simulate the diminishing productivity of agricultural land as a potential result of climate change (CC) for Senegal. This country is exposed to the direct consequences of CC and is vulnerable to changes in world prices of energy, given its lack of substitution capacity.

  4. Library Resource

    Sustainability

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Enero, 2014
    Ghana

    The widespread acquisition of land for large-scale/commercial production of biofuel crops in Ghana has raised concerns from civil society organizations, local communities and other parties, regarding the impact of these investments on local livelihoods. This paper assessed the effect of large-scale acquisition of land for production of Jatropha curcas on farmers’ livelihoods in Ghana. The study was conducted in 11 communities spanning the major agro-ecological zones and political divisions across Ghana.

  5. Library Resource

    Sustainability

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Enero, 2017
    Uganda

    The extent of land affected by degradation in Uganda ranges from 20% in relatively flat and vegetation-covered areas to 90% in the eastern and southwestern highlands. Land degradation has adversely affected smallholder agro-ecosystems including direct damage and loss of critical ecosystem services such as agricultural land/soil and biodiversity. This study evaluated the extent of bare grounds in Nakasongola, one of the districts in the Cattle Corridor of Uganda and the yield responses of maize (Zea mays) and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to different tillage methods in the district.

  6. Library Resource

    Sustainability

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Enero, 2017
    Sudáfrica

    Eastern Cape Province in South Africa has experienced extreme drought events during the last decade. In South Africa, different land management systems exist belonging to two different land tenure classes: commercial large scale farming and communal small-scale subsistence farming. Communal lands are often reported to be affected by land degradation and drought events among others considered as trigger for this process.

  7. Library Resource

    Sustainability

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Enero, 2018
    Níger

    The Ader Doutchi Maggia in Niger, as with other Sahelian zones, undergoes a process of climatic deterioration, which combines with the growing social and economic needs of the increasing population and causes a general economic crisis. Land degradation due to biophysical factors requires that priority action is given to land reclamation and soil conservation and to activities intended to increase agricultural production.

  8. Library Resource

    Sustainability

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Enero, 2018
    Namibia

    Recent estimates show that one third of the world’s land and water resources are highly or moderately degraded. Global economic losses from land degradation (LD) are as high as USD $10.6 trillion annually. These trends catalyzed a call for avoiding future LD, reducing ongoing LD, and reversing past LD, which has culminated in the adoption of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Target 15.3 which aims to achieve global land degradation neutrality (LDN) by 2030.

  9. Library Resource

    Sustainability

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Enero, 2018
    Burkina Faso

    Inadequate land management and agricultural activities have largely resulted in land degradation in Burkina Faso. The nationwide governmental and institutional driven implementation and adoption of soil and water conservation measures (SWCM) since the early 1960s, however, is expected to successively slow down the degradation process and to increase the agricultural output. Even though relevant measures have been taken, only a few studies have been conducted to quantify their effect, for instance, on soil erosion and environmental restoration.

  10. Library Resource

    Sustainability

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Enero, 2019
    Etiopía

    Land degradation poses a major threat to agricultural production and food security in Ethiopia, and sustainable land management (SLM) is key in dealing with its adverse impacts. This paper examines the covariates that shape rural livelihood diversification and examines their effects on the intensity of adoption of SLM practices. Household-level data were collected in 2017 from 270 households in three drought-prone watersheds located in northwestern Ethiopia. We used the Herfindahl–Simpson diversity index to explore the extent of livelihood diversification.

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