This case study looks at the land tenure in Namibia, where for a century of colonial rule indigenous Namibians were dispossessed from rights to both land and resources – by German and then white South African settlers establishing commercial farms and related businesses. Access to freehold tenure was reserved for white settlers and tenure security for indigenous Namibians largely disappeared. In non-white areas, rights were provided under indigenous tenure systems whose legal status was somewhat murky. Urban tenure was denied as blacks were not allowed ownership of residential land.
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Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesDiciembre, 2006Angola, Kenya, Sudáfrica, Alemania, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Noruega, África
Library ResourceLegislaciónFilipinas, Asia sudoriental, Asia
The Act makes provision for the promotion and recognition of the rights of Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples (ICCs/IPs), with a view to preserve their culture, traditions and institutions and to ensure the equal protection and non-discrimination of members.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesAgosto, 2016Brasil
Brazil lags behind much of the world in taking advantage of an important driver of economic growth: secure land rights. In 2015, Brazil ranked 64th on the International Property Rights Index (IPRI). It ranked even lower, at 95th, for secure property rights on the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Competitive Index.
When property rights are secure, the nation’s lands can be managed, improved, or protected to their fullest potential. This could unlock new economic opportunities, develop markets more fully, and improve the use of the country’s resources.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesDiciembre, 2008Sri Lanka
The report answers the following questions:
1. Is perpetual fee simple ownership of real property permitted? If not, what are the principal forms of ownership, or other principal form of ownership, of real property?
2. What instruments are used to convey fee simple ownership, or other principal form of ownership, of real estate?
3. How in this jurisdiction is the ownership of real property recorded or searched? Who generally performs the search?
Library ResourcePolíticas NacionalesEnero, 1999Jamaica
The Jamaica National Environmental Action Plan (JANEAP) is a national Plan with a multi-sectoral approach. The duration of the Plan is 3 years between 1999 and 2002. The main objective of the Plan is to ensure good environmental planning and management to contribute to the sustainable development.Regarding the biological resources, forestry, watershed management, protected areas and oceans the Plan provides for different actions to be taken. A Fisheries Management Plan and an Ocean and Coastal Zone Policy will be prepared and implemented.
Library ResourceLegislaciónAustralia, Oceanía
The main purposes of this Act, consisting of 32 Sections divided into seven Parts and completed by 13 Schedules, are the following: to revoke reservations over various parcels of land; to revoke Crown grants and a Certificate of Title in relation to some of that land; to repeal the Burrumbeet (Russell Reserve) Land Act 1982; to provide for the revocation of part of the reservation of land at Albert Park and the re-reservation of that land; to provide for entry on and use of reserved land at Argyle Square for the construction and on-going use of a car park beneath that land.
Library ResourceRegulacionesTanzania, África, África oriental
Regulations to make provision for the "regularisation" of land and the drafting and adoption of schemes for this purposes.The 35 regulations are divided into 5 Parts: Preliminary (I); Regularisation Area (II); Scheme of Regularisation (III); Adjudication (IV); Local Land Register (V).The Minister responsible for lands may, under regulation 3, subject to section 58 of the Land Act, or at the request of the people in a given area declare urban areas or "peri-urban areas" to be a regularisation area. Criteria for decision making in this respect are set out in regulation 4.
Library ResourceLegislaciónPapua Nueva Guinea, Oceanía
The Act is divided into the following Parts: Preliminary (I); Conversion of Tenure (II); Avoidance of Fragmentation and Regulation of Dealings (III); Certain Fees, Etc. (IV); Miscellaneous (V).The Land Titles Commission shall complete an adjudication record and shall enquire whether a Native wishes to apply for registration of any native land included in the record by agreement. Further provisions concern the procedure to be followed for said registration.
Library ResourceLegislaciónSingapur, Asia, Asia sudoriental
This Act consists of 7 Parts: Preliminary (I); Acquisition (II); Reference to an Appeals Board and procedure thereon (III); Apportionment of Compensation (IV); Payment (V); Temporary Occupation of Land (VI); Miscellaneous (VII).The Act provides a legal framework for the acquisition of private land by the government for the benefit of the public. Procedures and requirements for the acquisiton of land are set out in detail in the text. The Act further provides for the constitution of one or more Appeal Boards for the purpose of hearing appeals in respect of any award made by the Collector.
Library ResourceLegislaciónUganda, África, África oriental
The Act consists of 99 sections which are divided into 6 Parts: Preliminary (I); Land Holding (II); Control of Land Use (III); Land Management (IV); Land Tribunals (V); Miscellaneous (VI).Sections 3 declares all land in Uganda to be vested in its citizens and divides land tenure systems into 4 categories: customary; freehold; mailo; and leasehold. Section 4 defines these titles in detail. Mailo tenure is a form of tenure that permits the separation of ownership of land from the ownership of developments of the land made by a lawful or bona fide occupant.
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