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  1. Library Resource
    Land Use Policies and Natural Resource Management in Kenya: The Case of Nairobi River Basin cover image
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Abril, 2010

    Nairobi River Basin is a complex of several parallel rivers that flow through the City of Nairobi and empty into a larger river and flow to the Indian Ocean. The rivers are polluted with garbage, industrial liquid effluence, agro-chemicals, petro-chemicals among others. This situation has occasioned spread of water-borne diseases, loss of sustainable livelihoods, loss of biodiversity, reduced availability and access to safe potable water, and the insidious effects of toxic substances and heavy metal poisoning which affects human productivity.

  2. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Marzo, 2022
    África, América Latina y el Caribe, Asia, Asia occidental, Europa, Oceanía, Global

    The ongoing use of landscape-based conflict commodities — diamonds and other minerals, timber, wildlife, etc. — to finance wars continues to evolve. The success with which such commodities can be transacted to support militaries, militias and insurgencies has led belligerents to innovate with additional commodities. Housing, land and property (HLP) rights within war zones have belatedly joined the list of conflict commodities that are subject to transaction, and to such an extent as to warrant significant concern.

  3. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Noviembre, 2022
    África, Américas, Asia oriental, Asia occidental, Europa, Global

    Efforts to thwart the trafficking of conflict commodities to finance wars constitute an ongoing endeavour. As specific approaches become effective for certain commodities, belligerent actors pursue new forms of exploitation. The trafficking of housing, land and property (HLP) rights in war zones has now reached a pervasiveness, lucrativeness and severity to warrant significant attention on the derivation of countermeasures.

  4. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Mayo, 2014
    África, África subsahariana

    This paper focuses on three interrelated questions on urbanization and the geography of development. First, although we herald cities with their industrial bases as "engines of growth," does industrialization in fact drive urbanization? While such relationships appear in the data, the process is not straightforward. Among developing countries, changes in income or industrialization correlate only weakly with changes in urbanization. This suggests that policy and institutional factors may also influence the urbanization process.

  5. Library Resource

    Household-Level Evidence from the Chengdu National Experiment

    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Agosto, 2015
    China, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    As part of a national experiment in 2008, Chengdu prefecture implemented ambitious property rights reforms, including complete registration of all land together with measures to ease transferability and eliminate migration restrictions. A triple difference approach using the Statistics Bureau’s regular household panel suggests that the reforms increased consumption and income, especially for less wealthy and less educated households, with estimated benefits well above the cost of implementation.

  6. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Mayo, 2016
    África, Rwanda

    Since 2010, the Government of Rwanda addressed land tenure through a series of actions including the establishment of institutional and administrative structures for land management and administration. At district, town, and municipality level, District Land Bureaus (DLBs), complemented by sector and cell level land committees, assumed responsibility for land administration and planning. After careful piloting in 2008/09, a process for systematic low cost demarcation and adjudication using aerial photography or high resolution satellite imagery was roll-out nationally.

  7. Library Resource

    Summary of Priority Policy Recommendations Drawn form World Bank Studies

    Recursos y herramientas de capacitación
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Septiembre, 2012
    Viet Nam, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    Vietnam's rapid and sustained economic growth and poverty reduction in the last two decades benefitted from the policy and legal reforms embodied in the Land Laws of 1987, 1993 and 2003 and subsequent related legal acts. This note outlines reforms related to four main themes. The first relates to the needed reform for agriculture land use to create opportunity to enhance effectiveness of land use as well as to secure farmers' rights in land use. Prolonging the duration of agricultural land tenure would give land users greater incentives to invest and care for the land.

  8. Library Resource
    Recursos y herramientas de capacitación
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Diciembre, 2012

    This policy note has two goals. First, to assess whether inclusive business models face specific regulatory hurdles. Second, to recommend policies that creates a business environment conducive to inclusive business. Little research has been conducted on the first goal. This note analyzes survey answers from companies that applied to the G20 Challenge. These companies were asked to rank regulatory obstacles and explain whether these obstacles created significant hurdles to their ability to serve the base of the pyramid.

  9. Library Resource

    Identifying the Constraints to Inclusive Growth in Indonesia's Second-Largest Province

    Informes e investigaciones
    Recursos y herramientas de capacitación
    Febrero, 2011
    Indonesia, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    East Java is the second largest contributor to Indonesia's economy with a growth rate similar to national level and other major provinces in Java. Nevertheless, for a province that is expected to be a major economic center in the country, there has been very little change in the region's economic structure in the past 10 years. Since 1995, the share of industry and agriculture in the economy is almost unchanged. Furthermore, the growth in both of these two sectors has been low, despite the fact that industry was once the main driver of the East Java economy.

  10. Library Resource
    Recursos y herramientas de capacitación
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Diciembre, 2012
    Uganda, África

    Uganda has started its journey into urbanization and economic development. The pace of urbanization is picking up currently at 4.5 percent per year, and likely to accelerate with rising incomes. The economic benefits from urban growth will come from exploiting economies of scale and agglomeration and by increasing fluidity in factor markets that enable substitution between land and non land inputs.

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