There are multiple obstacles to the economic empowerment of women in Africa. For example, limited access to productive resources such as land, seed and fertiliser means that women may be unable to benefit from the expansion of trade in agricultural products. In fact, it has been calculated that agricultural productivity could increase by up to 20 percent if women's access to these resources were equal to men's.
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Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesMayo, 2007África austral, África oriental
Library ResourceDocumentos de política y resúmenesEnero, 2003Etiopía, África austral, África oriental
This shadow report, produced by NEWA and EWLA, offers a critique of the Ethiopian government's CEDAW report by looking at three broad areas: economic and socio-cultural status of women, equality in marriage and family relations and violence against women. The report acknowledges the considerable efforts made by the Ethiopian government to address its CEDAW obligations, but cites weak enforcement, poor policy guidelines and a lack of institutional commitment as ongoing problems.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesAbril, 2003Burkina Faso, Túnez, Senegal, África occidental, Asia occidental, África septentrional
Women do 70 per cent of the agricultural work in Senegal, but according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), own only two percent of the land that may be cultivated. Although property laws in countries such as Senegal, Tunisia and Burkina Faso recognise women' s and men's equal rights, and Islam gives women the right to inherit half what men inherit, in practice men retain land ownership. Women are dependent on fathers or husbands for land.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesAgosto, 2001Mozambique, Egipto, Nigeria, Sudáfrica, Uganda, Malí, Somalia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Sierra Leona, Asia occidental, África occidental, Global, África oriental, África septentrional, África austral
Trade liberalisation processes impact differently on men and women due to the fact that men and women have different roles in production. Despite the fact that women are actively involved in international trade, WTO agreements are gender blind and as such have adverse impacts on women. The General Agreement in Trade and Service (GATS), for instance, provides for a level playing field in service provision between big foreign owned companies and small locally owned companies.
Library ResourceEnero, 2010Marruecos, Filipinas, Sudáfrica, Turquía, Chile, India, México, Brasil
How has citizen action resulted in national policy change in different parts of the world?
Library ResourceOctubre, 2012Zimbabwe
The biofuel boom has become a core issue in Zimbabwean land and development debates. Biofuels require large tracts of land for production; and the land acquisition programmes by the various state, non-state actors and individuals have been termed ‘land grabbing’. The increasing global demand for biofuels has different gender specific socio-economic and environmental effects in Zimbabwe. Males and females in the biofuel producing zone may face a differential risk matrix, comprising different issues.
Library ResourceRecursos y herramientas de capacitaciónDocumentos de política y resúmenesEnero, 2004Eslovenia, Liechtenstein, Bangladesh, Eslovaquia, El Salvador, Croacia, Chile, Zimbabwe, Alemania, Suiza, Hungría, Australia, Tanzania, Polonia, India, Brasil, República Checa, Europa oriental, Global, América central, África oriental, América del Sur, África austral, Asia oriental, Caribe, Asia meridional, Asia central
Citizenship is an abstract concept and therefore great care must be taken in explaining what it means in practice and what can effectively be done in the context of development interventions and policy. Development projects which enhance the ability of marginalised groups to access and influence decision-making bodies are implicitly if not explicitly working with concepts of citizenship. Citizenship is about concrete institutions, policy and structures and the ways in which people can shape them using ideas of rights and participation.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesEnero, 2005Tanzania, África austral, África oriental
The Women Advancement Trust (WAT) in Tanzania carries out various initiatives related to land rights, affordable housing, and inheritance rights. This report presents lessons learned from a housing and shelter development initiative. The goals of the initiative were to empower low-income communities, particularly women, to participate fully and actively in all aspects of human settlements development, including the improvement of their living and housing conditions.
Library ResourceInformes e investigacionesOctubre, 2004Zimbabwe, África austral, África oriental
Land distribution and access to land are key issues in Zimbabwe. In recent years, nearly all of the country's commercial farm land has been re-designated, leaving most farm workers dislocated from their farm villages. The government of Zimbabwe argues that the land reform programme is needed to achieve historical and social justice. However, this article concludes that the government is engaged in serious human rights violations and is appropriating land to distribute to its followers for political not social justice ends.
Library ResourceDocumentos de política y resúmenesOctubre, 2002Etiopía, África austral, África oriental
Ethiopia has combined its fourth and fifth reports to the United Nations Committee that monitors the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). This report outlines the status of women in Ethiopia and initiatives on the part of all government and non-governmental actors to address the goals set out by CEDAW. Institutional commitments to address gender issues are in place. However, the socioeconomic status of women, particularly in rural areas, remains lower in Ethiopia's male-biased social structures.
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