La presente Ley tiene por objeto el fomento, desarrollo y protección integrales del sector agrario. Para la ejecución de la política agraria (cap. IV), mediante el artículo 23, se crea el Instituto Nacional de Desarrollo Agrario (INDA), como entidad de derecho público, con ámbito nacional, personalidad jurídica y patrimonio propio, adscrito al Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería. El INDA substituye en sus funciones al Instituto Ecuatoriano de Reforma Agraria (IERAC).
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Library ResourceLegislaciónEcuador, Américas, América del Sur
Library ResourceLegislaciónLaos, Asia, Asia sudoriental
The present Law distinguishes between five types of property:(1) State property, which includes "material and technical basis of the society under state control" and assets used in operations carried out by the state. According to article 4, paragraph 2, the state may grant the right to use natural resources (land, water, forests) to other organizations, economic units and individuals.
An Act made to amend and consolidate the Lands Act.LegislaciónNepal, Asia, Asia meridional
The Act consists of 11 Chapters divided into 64 articles: Preliminary (I); Abolition of Jimidari (II); Ceilings of Land (III); Acquisition of Land in Excess of Upper Ceiling (IV); Compensation (V); Sale and Disposal of Land (VI); Provisions Relating to Tenant (VII); Provisions on Rent (VIII); Provisions on Compulsory Saving and Debt (IX); Provisions Relating to Land-Use, Control of Land Fragmentation and Plotting (Chaklabandi) (IXA); Authorities and Procedures (X); Miscellaneous (XI).This Act abolishes the Jimidari system for the collection of land taxes.
Library ResourceLegislaciónBhután, Asia, Asia meridional
This Act provides for the registration of title to land, regulates the use of certain land and related matters and gives rules with respect to landownership and land use rights.The text of the Act is divided into 13 Chapters: Registration of land in Thram (I); Validity of Thram and entitlement to land (II); Right of possession (III); Cost of land and taxation (IV); Sale/purchase and exchange of land (V); Government land and the procedure for allotment of land (VI); Water channels, embankments and roads (VII); Regarding grazing land (VIII); Matters relating to Tsatong and its allotment (IX);
An Act to facilitate leases of settled estates.LegislaciónZimbabwe, África, África oriental
This Act concerns the lease of settled estates. "Settled estate" is defined in section 2 as "all immovable property and all estates or interests in any such immovable property, which are subject of any settlement". "Settlement" is defined as "any deed, agreement, will or other instrument under or by virtue of which any immovable property or any estate or any interest in any such immovable property stands limited to or in trust for any person or persons by way of succession or for a life or lives, or for a term of years determinable with the death of any person".
Library ResourceLegislaciónPortugal, Europa meridional, Europa
This Act amends Act No. 109/88 on Agrarian Reform. It consists of amended articles defining new principles in order to manage this sector and promote agricultural development: land expropriation requirements, agricultural land use, land rights, land concession, land lease, land inheritance, protected zones, etc.
Implemented by: Decree-Law No. 12/91 regulating the right of use of expropriated lands. (1991-01-09)
Amends: Act No. 109/88 on Agrarian Reform. (1988-09-29)
An Act to recognize, protect and promote the rights of Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples, creating a National Commission on Indigenous Peoples, establishing implementing mechanisms, appropriating funds therefor, and for other purposes.LegislaciónFilipinas, Asia sudoriental, Asia
The Act makes provision for the promotion and recognition of the rights of Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples (ICCs/IPs), with a view to preserve their culture, traditions and institutions and to ensure the equal protection and non-discrimination of members.
Library ResourceLegislaciónMozambique, África oriental, África
This Act is composed of 35 articles divided into eight Chapters. It aims at establishing the terms under which the creation, exercise, modification, transfer and termination of the right of land use and benefit operates. It regulates ownership of the land and public domain, the right of use and benefit of land, powers and responsibilities of the concerned public bodies. In particular, it defines obligations to be fulfilled by foreign or national entities, as well as fees to be paid in order to obtain a licence for land exploitation.
Library ResourceLegislaciónAlbania, Europa, Europa meridional
The State grants land to natural or legal persons who then enjoy the right of ownership and all other accompanying rights envisaged by this Law. The sale and purchase of land is prohibited. Agricultural land is given in ownership or for use to local legal or natural persons without remuneration. Article 4 concerns land tenure by foreigners. Article 5 provides for succession of land rights by members of agricultural cooperatives.
Library ResourceRegulacionesRusia, Europa oriental, Europa
This Decree invalidates articles 2-23, 30-32, Part 2 of article 34, Parts 3 and 4 of article 37, articles 39 and 40, Part 2 of article 41, articles 42 and 44, Part 2 of article 47, article 48, point 8 of the first part of article 52, articles 63, 65, 67, 69 and 82, Part 3 of article 83, Part 3 of article 88, articles 97-99, 115-124 of the Land Code of the RSFSR; Law of the RSFSR "On Land Reform" of 1990; articles 5-7, point (b) of the second part of point 1 of article 10 and article 26 of the Law of the RSFSR "On farming" of 1990.This Decree establishes that the authority of the Councils of
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