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Resultados de la búsqueda

Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 1655.
  1. Library Resource
    Enero, 2023
    Global

    What happens to local institutional arrangements regarding access and use of communal land under the forces of
    agricultural commercialization? Taking Khwaykham village in Phongsaly province, Laos as a case study, this
    paper sheds light on this question as farm households in the settlement have progressively transitioned to
    commercial farming, specifically tea cultivation. Traditionally, farm households’ access and rights to use the land
    were embedded in their swidden agriculture practices. The adoption of tea has increasingly fixed land use rights,

  2. Library Resource
    Enero, 2021
    Madagascar

    A lack of information about the living customary systems that manage commons in Madagascar hampers efforts to identify the levels at which collectivities charged with allocating land and enforcing land claims should receive legal recognition. To help address this knowledge gap and inform ongoing legal reforms aimed at recognizing collective tenure, we reviewed relevant legal texts and field studies of Malagasy tenure systems.

  3. Library Resource
    Enero, 2022
    Colombia

    In the Colombian context, disputes over natural resources, mainly over land, and poor governance are intertwined with armed conflict. Although efforts to address this situation, including the 2016 peace agreement signed between Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC, by Spanish acronym) are underway, these disputes continue, affecting land use dynamics. Understanding the complexity and trends in land use conflicts, as well as the specific regional characteristics underlying differing land use changes across regions, is critical.

  4. Library Resource
    Enero, 2022
    Global

    This paper analyzes the complex relationships of factors influencing rangeland governance in the arid areas. A Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) model was developed in a participatory way to illustrate and assess the weight of a combination of environmental, social and institutional factors enabling the achievement of strengthened rangeland governance at a local level. The Bayesian model was applied in Tataouine situated in south of Tunisia. A complex diagram was built in a participatory way to illustrate the most important interactions between rangeland socioecological system components.

  5. Library Resource
    Enero, 2021
    Etiopía

    On Earth, land is the most vital resource from which living things derive their essential necessities. There are many methods for managing and maintaining this vital resource in a sustainable manner, but it is more important to first understand the root cause of malfunctioning land management strategies. This chapter aims at understanding the underlying causes of socio-economic and policy-related factors affecting the sustainability of land tenure systems in Ethiopia.

  6. Library Resource
    Enero, 2022
    Global

    Natural calamities such as drought, famine, and climate change have collided to create a humanitarian crisis. For the Horn of Africa (HoA), famine is among the factors that have caused the worst historical damages to the individual countries. Man-made calamities such as decentralized agricultural, pastoral activities and forest clearing are also root causes for the damage. Institutional arrangements (IAs) on land tenure systems and agricultural land conversion (ALC) as a part of this problem will be analyzed in this paper.

  7. Library Resource
    Documentos de conferencias e informes
    Abril, 2024
    América Latina y el Caribe

    La presente memoria ha sido preparada con el fin de documentar los principales hallazgos, recomendaciones y lecciones aprendidas derivados del ciclo de aprendizaje regional “Lecciones Aprendidas para la Inversión en Delimitación y Reconocimiento de Territorios Indígenas y Afrodescendientes de América Latina”, organizado por la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO, por sus siglas en inglés), la Coalición Internacional para el Acceso a la Tierra en América Latina y el Caribe (ILC LAC, por sus siglas en inglés), y el Tenure Facility (TF).

  8. Library Resource

    Vol 3, No 3: September 2020

    Publicación revisada por pares
    África

    Issues surrounding customary land governance reforms remain at the forefront of policy reforms in many African countries because of concern over discriminatory rules of access, exchange, and inheritance, corruption, elite capture, and illegal land occupations, (Arko Adjei, 2009). The shortcomings in customary land governance extend to the unfettered authority of customary land trustees, usually, traditional leaders (chiefs and family heads) who retain autonomous control over land as defined by customary norms and practices.

  9. Library Resource

    Vol 1, No 2: September 2018, Special Issue on Youth and Land Governance

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Zambia

    Community land and natural resources lie at the heart of social, political and economic life in much of rural Africa. While the Zambian government acknowledges customary tenure, it has not established required legislation needed to secure it and support to communities in their efforts to protect their lands.

  10. Library Resource

    Vol 2, No 1: March 2019, Special Issue on Women&Land

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Ghana

    Food insecurity has been a major global development concern. Hence, SDG Two seeks to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030. The situation is severe in sub-Saharan Africa, where customary practices deprive women of land ownership and limit their access rights. This paper explores the influences of a gendered land tenure system on food security in Nandom District, adapting conditional assessment modules defined by USDA and FAO. With a list of households categorized under headship, 30 respondents were proportionally selected from each of the four study communities.

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