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Resultados de la búsqueda

Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 1439.
  1. Library Resource
    Food Security and Governance Factsheet: Afghanistan
    Informes e investigaciones
    Diciembre, 2016
    Afganistán

    In Afghanistan, insecurity over land and water rights hampers investments in food production and irrigation. In rural areas, customary tenure systems, partly based on religious law, are the most relevant but suffer from weak recognition and offer little protection to rights holders. The land policy reform is on-going but remains slow. Moreover, land administration capacity is weak and improvements mostly take place in urban areas. In this context, land disputes are common and often violent.

  2. Library Resource
    MDA
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Enero, 2015
    América Latina y el Caribe, América del Sur, Brasil
    As Diretrizes Voluntárias para a Governança Responsável da Terra, dos Recursos Pesqueiros e Florestais no contexto da Segurança Alimentar Nacional (DVGT) aprovadas na 38a Sessão extraordinária do
    Comitê de Segurança Alimentar Mundial (CSA), em maio de 2012, são um marco histórico. Elas representam o principal documento internacional normativo sobre questões fundiárias consensuado por todos os países membros das Nações Unidas.
     
  3. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Diciembre, 2020
    América del Sur

     

     

    Este documento propone que la gobernanza colectiva de la tierra, otorga derechos y contribuye a reducir las desigualdades al interior de las comunidades y de estas con la población e institucionalidad de su entorno.

    Plantea también una revisión exhaustiva de la legislación internacional disponible respecto de los derechos campesinos, los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y la discusión sobre los derechos de la población afrodescendiente.

  4. Library Resource
    GT
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Enero, 2017
    América Latina y el Caribe, América del Sur, Brasil

    This article presents a comparison for the impact from lack of land governance in Brazil between livestock and agricultural production. It begins with a brief description of the land regulatory system and its development in Mato Grosso do Sul State and Brazil. The methodology was based on focus groups research, conducted by CEPEA/USP (Center for advanced Studies on Applied Economics/University of São Paulo) on local production sites in Mato Grosso do Sul state, where a regional modal farm was established.

  5. Library Resource
    GT
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Agosto, 2016
    América Latina y el Caribe, América del Sur, Brasil
    II Seminário Governança de Terras e Desenvolvimento Econômico (1.: 2016: Campinas, SP)
    Coletânea [recurso eletrônico] / II Seminário Governança de Terras e Desenvolvimento Econômico, 4 a 5 de agosto de 2016, Campinas, SP – Campinas: Unicamp. IE, 2016.
     
    content/uploads/2016/12/Anais-2016.pdf> ISBN 978-85-86215-88-9.
     
  6. Library Resource
    GT
    Documentos de conferencias e informes
    Marzo, 2017
    América Latina y el Caribe, América del Sur, Brasil

    Internationally there are an alarming number of violations of indigenous peoples’ land and human rights. Brazil is currently under the spotlight as the heightening of the political crisis that led to the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff brings national and international concerns over the uncertainty related to changes in policy that may be adopted by the interim Government in relation to indigenous peoples land rights.

  7. Library Resource
    Islamic Law, Women's Rights, and Popular Legal Consciousness in Malaysia
    Publicación revisada por pares
    Febrero, 2013
    Malasia

    Drawing on original survey research, this study examines how lay Muslims in Malaysia understand foundational concepts in Islamic law. The survey finds a substantial disjuncture between popular legal consciousness and core epistemological commitments in Islamic legal theory. In its classic form, Islamic legal theory was marked by its commitment to pluralism and the centrality of human agency in Islamic jurisprudence. Yet in contemporary Malaysia, lay Muslims tend to understand Islamic law as being purely divine, with a single “correct” answer to any given question.

  8. Library Resource
    Constructing Rights

    Indigenous Peoples at the Public Hearings of the National Inquiry into Customary Rights to Land in Sabah, Malaysia

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Noviembre, 2013
    Malasia

    Malaysia has declared its vision of developed country status by the year 2020. Much has been written about its top-down development approach, its relative economic success and the social as well as environmental costs of such approach. In 2011 and 2012 the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM) set into motion a national inquiry into the status of customary rights to land in the country. As part of the inquiry, a nationwide series of consultations was held over several months in 2012, culminating in formal public hearings in Peninsular Malyasia, Sarawak and Sabah.

  9. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 41

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Noviembre, 2014
    Malawi, Noruega, Estados Unidos de América

    Based on government statistics and interviews with villagers across Malawi this article argues that customary matrilineal and patrilineal land tenure systems serve to weaken security of land tenure for some family members as well as obstructing the creation of gender-neutral inheritance of lands. Data from the National Census of Agriculture and Livestock 2007and the 2008 Population and Housing Census are used to characterize marriage systems and landholding patterns of local communities. Marriage systems correspond to customary land-tenure patterns of matrilineal or patrilineal cultures.

  10. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 57

    Publicación revisada por pares
    Noviembre, 2016
    Estados Unidos de América

    Farmland ownership fragmentation is one of the important drivers of land-use changes. It is a process that in its extreme form can essentially limit land management sustainability. Based on a typology of land degradation and its causes, this process is here classified for the first time as an underlying cause which through tenure insecurity causes land degradation in five types (water erosion, wind erosion, soil compaction, reduction of organic matter, and nutrient depletion).

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