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Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 1347.
  1. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2006
    Thaïlande, Viet Nam

    Ethnic minorities in the mountainous forest regions of northern Thailand and northern Vietnam live in a particularly restrictive political, social and economic environment. Widespread degradation of land, water and forest resources has adverse effects on the livelihoods of these groups. Given the dramatically increasing scarcity of natural resources, regulation of resource access and allocation are becoming fundamental for the development of sustainable resource management, in which an active participation of the local population in planning and implementation is a crucial prerequisite.

  2. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2006
    Laos

    ABSTRACTED FROM THE OPENING PARAGRAPHS: This article focuses not on the effects of corruption in Laos, on the Lao economy or the lives of individuals, but rather on what sustains it and makes it difficult to control, much less eradicate. In particular, it examines the political culture of corruption that has developed in the Lao PDR since its inauguration in 1975.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents et rapports de conférence
    mai, 2006
    République arabe syrienne, Asie occidentale

    In the Mediterranean mountain areas of NW Syria, land degradation is a serious problem (Masri et al, 2005). Olive orchards dominate the landscape in Afrin area, and olive oil represents the most important cash income source for rural communities in this area. However, olive yields in many orchards have been decreasing steadily over the last 20 years. Low return to labour has resulted in livelihood insecurity, increased reliance on off-farm labour, and out-migration.

  4. Library Resource
    Documents et rapports de conférence
    mai, 2006
    Tunisie, Afrique septentrionale

    During the last two decades, the Tunisian government has engaged in a vast program for the conservation and mobilization of natural resources. In the Jeffara region, which encompasses the study site, huge works for soil and water conservation (water harvesting) have been implemented whose immediate effects are visible but their efficiency in both the short and the long term need to be assessed and evaluated in detail (De Graaff J. and Ouessar M., 2002).

  5. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    novembre, 2006
    Jordanie, Asie occidentale

    This report describes the use of improved methodologies developed for identifying water-harvesting sites. It also provides general guidelines for determining site potential in relation to various parameters. The approach integrates multi-disciplinary knowledge, use of GIS, and verification in the field to develop and test a methodology to identify watersheds with specific characteristics – in this case, watersheds most suited to project activities within the Jordanian Badia.

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    août, 2006
    République arabe syrienne, Asie occidentale

    This report presents descriptive statistics derived from the survey data. It simply describes the situation in the
    Badia in spring 2005. Further ecological and economical analyses and conclusions will be reported in
    another document.

  7. Library Resource
    Documents et rapports de conférence
    septembre, 2006
    Thaïlande, Asia du sud-est

    The objective of this research was to assess the multiple effects of land-use change in a high populated steepland environment on land degradation processes and farmers' coping strategies. A case study was conducted at Pakha Sukcay village (located in Thailand's northern most Chiang Rai province). Erosion processes were monitored during a period of 3 years, and informal interviews were conducted to elucidate farmers' opinions.

  8. Library Resource
    Documents et rapports de conférence
    février, 2006
    Global

    This volume contains the presentations made at the Eighth International Conference on Dryland
    Development. It is hoped that it will serve as a repository of information on the problems and prospects of
    sustainable management of dry areas and preventing desertification, and will thus be of interest to those
    involved in research, extension, development and policy formulation for the benefit of the people of the dry areas. It is our belief it would serve as an important contribution to the objectives of the IYDD.

  9. Library Resource
    Documents et rapports de conférence
    mai, 2006
    République arabe syrienne, Asie occidentale

    The aim of this paper is to contribute to a more holistic understanding of farmers’ decision making process for innovations in soil conservation. In this study, farmers’ decision making has been explored in the context of a mountainous olive growing area in northwest Syria, where evidences of land degradation are widespread.

  10. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    novembre, 2006
    Maroc, Tunisie, Afrique septentrionale

    A tragedy of the commons is unfolding in the rangelands of West Asia and North Africa (WANA), where land is either public or collectively owned. Overgrazing under this land tenure has led to severe land degradation and soil erosion. Poverty and environmental degradation are intertwined in this low-rainfall region, where more than 38 million people live in rural areas and depend mainly on agriculture. Traditional rangeland grazing provides fodder in winter and spring, while in summer and autumn the animals browse cereal stubble and other crop residues.

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