This paper examines the role of customary pastoral institutions in managing conflicts. It indicates thatintra‐ethnic conflicts can be managed customarily because of shared norms attributed to the social proximity and cultural homogeneity, whereas managing inter‐ethnic conflicts goes beyond the capacity of elders' council exercising customary law. The introduction of ethnic‐based federalism and historical political relations between different ethnic groups has weakened customary institutions in managing inter‐ethnic conflict.
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Library ResourceArticles et Livresjanvier, 2015Éthiopie
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjuillet, 2015Chine
Agriculture, countryside and peasantry have been priority concerns of the Chinese govern- ment, with land and agriculture being the most crucial. With a growing population, less arable land and often relatively low-quality land, Chinese peasant agriculture has been undergoing a form of modernization.While peasants enjoy land-contract rights as a result of the Household Responsibility System (HRS), the state has been promoting transfer of land-use rights in order to promote modern agriculture.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresjuillet, 2015Timor-Leste
Woman and her children in Timor-Leste. In a country where historic conflict has drastically impacted the environment and community dynamics, CI is helping to spark dialogue between local community members and government officials to promote peace through conservation agreements. (© Conservation International/photo by Lynn Tang)
This is the second blog in our series on environmental peacebuilding, which chronicles CI’s growing role in this emerging field of research. Today’s post focuses on our case study in Timor-Leste.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesavril, 2015Éthiopie
Over the past six years, the Oakland Institute has been at the forefront of exposing the social, economic, and environmental impacts of foreign land grabs in Ethiopia.
Library ResourceVidéosjuin, 2015Éthiopie
Library ResourceManuels et directivesjanvier, 2016Afrique, Amériques, Asie, Europe, Global
The publication offers an overview of different aspects of the highly complex field of land policy and land management providing the reader a number of principles, concrete tools and examples for dealing with land related problems in the German Development Coorperation.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesLégislation et politiquesjanvier, 2015Afrique, Sierra Leone
Transparency International “Land and Corruption in Africa” 2015 Base Line Survey – part I: desk based research Background Information on Land Governance
Library ResourceLégislation et politiquesaoût, 2015Sierra Leone
This report, alongside other relevant documents, served as sources of reference for the formulation of this Comprehensive National Land Policy for Sierra Leone, with various versions. The first version was prepared by the Technical Advisor for discussion and approval by the TWG and SCM. With support from UNDP, version I of this policy was evaluated by an International Consultant, Professor Sam Moyo, for international standards and best practices. Outcome of the evaluation was excellent, though with few comments, which led to the review of version
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesdécembre, 2015Myanmar
ABSTRACTED FROM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: In October 2014 the Myanmar government unveiled a draft National Land Use Policy (NLUP) and announced it would take public comments for a limited time before finalizing the document. Once it is finalized, the new policy will determine the distribution, use and management of the country’s land and related natural resources like forests and rivers, for years to come.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2015Viet Nam
As Vietnam embraces the market economy, and a number of state policies promote reforestation and rural market integration, land use and land cover (LULC) changes are occurring in the country’s northern uplands in increasingly complex and fragmented ways. Yet understandings of the degree and consequences of LULC changes in this diverse agro-ecological region are incomplete. We conduct a systematic literature review of research reported in academic articles tracing and analysing LULC change in Vietnam’s northern regions.
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