Inequality in the agrarian structure in Indonesia remains a serious problem. Agrarian reform efforts have been the spirit of Indonesia since the enactment of the Basic Regulations on Agrarian Principles Act (UUPA). However, agrarian reform policies are still far from perfect. Since the reformation, the issue of agrarian reform, also known as land reform, regained its discourse space.
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Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjuillet, 2017Indonésie
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsnovembre, 2017Indonésie
We examine the emergence of land markets and their effects on forest land appropriation by farm households in Jambi Province, Sumatra, using micro-level data covering land use and land transactions for a period of more than 20 years (1992–2015). Based on a theoretical model of land acquisition by a heterogeneous farming population, different hypotheses are developed and empirically tested. Farm households involved in forest land appropriation differ from those involved in land market purchases in terms of migration status and other socioeconomic characteristics.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresmars, 2017Ghana, Sierra Leone
Since the end of the Cold War, natural resources have assumed an increasingly prominent role in security, conflict, and peace studies. Scholars and development practitioners alike view the development of strong institutions, which aim to domesticate global regulatory regimes that foster neoliberal principles like privatization, transparency, and accountability, as necessary to mitigate natural resource conflict in resource-rich states, as well as enhance opportunities for peace and social justice.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresjanvier, 2017Amérique du Sud, BrésilEntre 2014 e 2015, a comunidade Jeremias da Terra Indígena Paraná do Boá-Boá, no município de Japurá, no Amazonas, realizou um levantamento socioambiental participativo, cuja pesquisa se deu em parceria com o Conselho Indigenista Missionário – Prelazia de Tefé (CIMI) e o Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). Esta publicação apresenta os resultados do levantamento socioambiental realizado pela pesquisadora indígena, Adneuza Souto, junto com comunidade Maku Nadëb da aldeia Jeremias da Terra Indígena Paraná Boá-Boá.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresfévrier, 2017Philippines
On February 2, 2017, Philippine Environment Secretary Gina Lopez, who has the full backing of the country’s controversial president Duterte, announced the closure of 23 large-scale mining operations. Two weeks later, on February 14, she announced the cancellation of 75 large-scale mining contracts, as a
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesseptembre, 2017Nigéria
It is encouraging to see that the United Nations Security Council is beginning to acknowledge the transboundary dimensions of fragility and conflict, as demonstrated by its newly launched Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in the Lake Chad Basin region.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresaoût, 2017Nigéria
This article is a summary of the chapter by Marcus King, John O. Rankin Associate Professor of International Affairs at the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs, in the new book, Water, Security and U.S. Foreign Policy. The book was produced by the World Wildlife Fund-US and edited by David Reed. The summary was prepared by Chelsea Spangler.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresjuin, 2017Mozambique
[C]onservation is not a priority….. they [Frelimo] want economic growth at any point. So if they find …… coal and gas and other minerals it doesn’t matter where they are found, their priority is to develop those industries and I think they will worry about ecosystems ……. as an afterthought. Right now their main focus is growth, economic growth. (Interview with government official, discussing the governing party’s view of conservation in the context of a resources boom, 14 May 2014).
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjanvier, 2017Chine
China has a unique land use system in which there are two types of land ownership, namely, state-owned urban land and farmer collective-owned rural land. Despite strict restrictions on the use rights of farmer collective-owned land, rural land is, in fact, developed along two pathways: it is formally acquired by the state and transferred into state ownership, or it is informally developed while remaining in collective ownership.
Library ResourceMatériels institutionnels et promotionnelsmars, 2017Amériques, Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Amérique du Sud, Pérou
This fact sheet presents the results of a study carried out between Dezember 2016 and March 2017 by the Instituto del Bien Común (IBC) on the possible obstacles of land titling of native communities in the region of Ucayali. The study is developed in coordination with the Regional Directorate of Agriculture of Ucayali (DRAU) and indigenous regional organizations, with support from the German development cooperation, implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, through the ProTierras Comunales project.
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