Inequality in the agrarian structure in Indonesia remains a serious problem. Agrarian reform efforts have been the spirit of Indonesia since the enactment of the Basic Regulations on Agrarian Principles Act (UUPA). However, agrarian reform policies are still far from perfect. Since the reformation, the issue of agrarian reform, also known as land reform, regained its discourse space.
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Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjuillet, 2017Indonésie
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsnovembre, 2019Indonésie
One of the main components of Indonesia's Just Economy policy is extensive and rapid land reform, which targets about 12% of the country's land area for redistribution to farmers and communities by 2019. Much of the reform is occurring on forest land. At the same time, the country has pledged a significant reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, two thirds of which is to be achieved from forests. Hence agrarian reform potentially conflicts with emission reduction commitments.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsnovembre, 2017Indonésie
We examine the emergence of land markets and their effects on forest land appropriation by farm households in Jambi Province, Sumatra, using micro-level data covering land use and land transactions for a period of more than 20 years (1992–2015). Based on a theoretical model of land acquisition by a heterogeneous farming population, different hypotheses are developed and empirically tested. Farm households involved in forest land appropriation differ from those involved in land market purchases in terms of migration status and other socioeconomic characteristics.
Library ResourceDocuments et rapports de conférencejuillet, 2019Émirats arabes unis, Bahreïn, Koweït, Oman, Qatar, Arabie saoudite, Yémen, Asie occidentale
This publication demonstrates the scope of research and human resources development
over the period between January 2014 and March 2019. It highlights some of the
accomplishments as the result of the collaborative efforts among the seven countries of
the Arabian Peninsula, project donors, and ICARDA-APRP.
Library ResourceMatériels institutionnels et promotionnelsavril, 2015
Poster presentation. Book of abstracts. 2015 annual conference of European Geosciences Union (EGU).
The participation of stakeholders and the integration of scientific and local knowledge in the assessment of environmental
problems and potential solutions have been increasingly demanded by international institutions. Participatory
assessment has the potential to engender social learning among all stakeholders, including scientists,
which then has the potential to increase collaboration and the probability for adoption of good practices. Using
Library ResourceArticles et Livresaoût, 2016Fédération de Russie, Turquie, Asie occidentale, Europe orientale
From 2009 to 2014 a nationwide effort was made to document, collect, conserve, and characterize wheat landraces grown by Turkish farmers. Spike samples were collected from more than 1600 farmers from 59 provinces, planted as single-spike progenies, and classified into species, subspecies, and botanical varieties (or morphotypes). Altogether, 95 morphotypes were identified representing three species and six subspecies: einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum L.), emmer wheat [T. turgidum subsp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell.], cone wheat (T. turgidum subsp. turgidum), durum wheat [T. turgidum subsp.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesdécembre, 2016Burkina Faso, Éthiopie, Kenya, Niger, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Afrique occidentale, Afrique orientale
We created a matrix of restoration options for each country, including potential benefits of the technologies and possible constraints.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesdécembre, 2017Maroc, Afrique septentrionale
The research Activity “Improvement of water productivity and adaptation to climate change through the development of integrated inputs (water and nitrogen) management options” was launched in 2015, and implemented by ICARDA in Morocco, in the frame of the Project titled “Sustainability and Operationalization of Established Regional Agricultural Research Centers in Five Arab Countries”, which was granted by the Arab Fund for Economic & Social Development (AFESD).
Library ResourceArticles et Livresoctobre, 2018Afrique orientale, Kenya
Drylands cover over 40% of the earth's surface and support over 2 billion people, globally (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005). In East Africa alone, over 250 million people depend on drylands for their livelihoods (De Leeuw et al., 2014) and in Kenya, 70% of the total land area is classiﬁed as arid- and semi-arid (Batjes, 2004). Over the last several decades, an increasing and more sedentary human population has resulted in more pressure on these lands, and an expansion of agricultural production into marginal dryland areas that were traditionally rangelands.
Library ResourceRessources et Outils d'entraînementdécembre, 2019Éthiopie, Kenya, Afrique orientale
This Template is designed for standardized description of Sustainable Livestock Management Options by Context (SLiM OxC), in which sustainable livestock management option and its social, economic and ecological contexts are systematically characterized. The SLiM OxC is adaptively developed based on the Template of Sustainable Land Management Options by Context (SLM OxC) of the GeOC tool (GeOC: https://geoc.mel.cgiar.org/, SLM OxC: https://mel.cgiar.org/slm/index).
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