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Showing items 1 through 9 of 16709.
  1. Library Resource
    A Critical Review of Indonesia’s Agrarian Reform Policy
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2017
    Indonésie

    Inequality in the agrarian structure in Indonesia remains a serious problem. Agrarian reform efforts have been the spirit of Indonesia since the enactment of the Basic Regulations on Agrarian Principles Act (UUPA). However, agrarian reform policies are still far from perfect. Since the reformation, the issue of agrarian reform, also known as land reform, regained its discourse space.

  2. Library Resource
    Indonesia's land reform: Implications for local livelihoods and climate change
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2019
    Indonésie

    One of the main components of Indonesia's Just Economy policy is extensive and rapid land reform, which targets about 12% of the country's land area for redistribution to farmers and communities by 2019. Much of the reform is occurring on forest land. At the same time, the country has pledged a significant reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, two thirds of which is to be achieved from forests. Hence agrarian reform potentially conflicts with emission reduction commitments.

  3. Library Resource
    Land markets, Property rights, and Deforestation: Insights from Indonesia
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2017
    Indonésie

    We examine the emergence of land markets and their effects on forest land appropriation by farm households in Jambi Province, Sumatra, using micro-level data covering land use and land transactions for a period of more than 20 years (1992–2015). Based on a theoretical model of land acquisition by a heterogeneous farming population, different hypotheses are developed and empirically tested. Farm households involved in forest land appropriation differ from those involved in land market purchases in terms of migration status and other socioeconomic characteristics.

  4. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    mars, 2017
    Ghana, Sierra Leone

    Since the end of the Cold War, natural resources have assumed an increasingly prominent role in security, conflict, and peace studies. Scholars and development practitioners alike view the development of strong institutions, which aim to domesticate global regulatory regimes that foster neoliberal principles like privatization, transparency, and accountability, as necessary to mitigate natural resource conflict in resource-rich states, as well as enhance opportunities for peace and social justice.

  5. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    août, 2019
    Libéria, Sierra Leone

    This book argues that a set of persuasive narratives about the links between natural resource, armed conflict and peacebuilding have strongly influenced the natural resource interventions pursued by international peacebuilders. The author shows how international peacebuilders active in Liberia and Sierra Leone pursued a collective strategy to transform “conflict resources” into “peace resources” vis-à-vis a policy agenda that promoted “securitization” and “marketization” of natural resources.

  6. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2018
    Nigéria

    When Nigeria’s Agriculture and Rural Development, Minister Audu Ogbeh launched the National Gender Action Plan (NGAP) on Agriculture in October, the idea was to upgrade women from the realm of subsistence farming to medium scale and commercial farming.

  7. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    février, 0200
    Nigéria

    The recent spate of violence mostly in north-central and southern Nigeria, typically credited to conflicts between herders and farmers, and the reactions, narratives, and representations that have attended them, calls for an examination of core security questions: who or what is to be secured, from what threat and by what means. In fact, it could be further contextualized as: how is the conflict between farmers and herders constructed, framed, and represented as (in)security within the Nigerian context?

  8. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2015
    Éthiopie

    This paper examines the role of customary pastoral institutions in managing conflicts. It indicates thatintra‐ethnic conflicts can be managed customarily because of shared norms attributed to the social proximity and cultural homogeneity, whereas managing inter‐ethnic conflicts goes beyond the capacity of elders' council exercising customary law. The introduction of ethnic‐based federalism and historical political relations between different ethnic groups has weakened customary institutions in managing inter‐ethnic conflict.

  9. Library Resource
    Land Transfer and the Pursuit of Agricultural Modernization in China
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2015
    Chine

    Agriculture, countryside and peasantry have been priority concerns of the Chinese govern- ment, with land and agriculture being the most crucial. With a growing population, less arable land and often relatively low-quality land, Chinese peasant agriculture has been undergoing a form of modernization.While peasants enjoy land-contract rights as a result of the Household Responsibility System (HRS), the state has been promoting transfer of land-use rights in order to promote modern agriculture.

  10. Library Resource
    ISA
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2017
    Amérique du Sud, Brésil
    Entre 2014 e 2015, a comunidade Jeremias da Terra Indígena Paraná do Boá-Boá, no município de Japurá, no Amazonas, realizou um levantamento socioambiental participativo, cuja pesquisa se deu em parceria com o Conselho Indigenista Missionário – Prelazia de Tefé (CIMI) e o Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). Esta publicação apresenta os resultados do levantamento socioambiental realizado pela pesquisadora indígena, Adneuza Souto, junto com comunidade Maku Nadëb da aldeia Jeremias da Terra Indígena Paraná Boá-Boá. 

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