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Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 1776.
  1. Library Resource
    A Critical Review of Indonesia’s Agrarian Reform Policy
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2017
    Indonésie

    Inequality in the agrarian structure in Indonesia remains a serious problem. Agrarian reform efforts have been the spirit of Indonesia since the enactment of the Basic Regulations on Agrarian Principles Act (UUPA). However, agrarian reform policies are still far from perfect. Since the reformation, the issue of agrarian reform, also known as land reform, regained its discourse space.

  2. Library Resource
    Indonesia's land reform: Implications for local livelihoods and climate change
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2019
    Indonésie

    One of the main components of Indonesia's Just Economy policy is extensive and rapid land reform, which targets about 12% of the country's land area for redistribution to farmers and communities by 2019. Much of the reform is occurring on forest land. At the same time, the country has pledged a significant reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, two thirds of which is to be achieved from forests. Hence agrarian reform potentially conflicts with emission reduction commitments.

  3. Library Resource
    Land markets, Property rights, and Deforestation: Insights from Indonesia
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2017
    Indonésie

    We examine the emergence of land markets and their effects on forest land appropriation by farm households in Jambi Province, Sumatra, using micro-level data covering land use and land transactions for a period of more than 20 years (1992–2015). Based on a theoretical model of land acquisition by a heterogeneous farming population, different hypotheses are developed and empirically tested. Farm households involved in forest land appropriation differ from those involved in land market purchases in terms of migration status and other socioeconomic characteristics.

  4. Library Resource
    Land Transfer and the Pursuit of Agricultural Modernization in China
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2015
    Chine

    Agriculture, countryside and peasantry have been priority concerns of the Chinese govern- ment, with land and agriculture being the most crucial. With a growing population, less arable land and often relatively low-quality land, Chinese peasant agriculture has been undergoing a form of modernization.While peasants enjoy land-contract rights as a result of the Household Responsibility System (HRS), the state has been promoting transfer of land-use rights in order to promote modern agriculture.

  5. Library Resource
    How Do Differences in Land Ownership Types in China Affect Land Development? A Case from Beijing
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    janvier, 2017
    Chine

    China has a unique land use system in which there are two types of land ownership, namely, state-owned urban land and farmer collective-owned rural land. Despite strict restrictions on the use rights of farmer collective-owned land, rural land is, in fact, developed along two pathways: it is formally acquired by the state and transferred into state ownership, or it is informally developed while remaining in collective ownership.

  6. Library Resource
    Synthesis of agricultural land system change in China over the past 40 years
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    février, 2019
    Chine

    In summary, China presents a particularly intriguing case for the study of land system dynamics with its spatial patterns of cropland and crops, crop structure and diversity, land transfer and consolidation, and land use intensity changes against the backdrop of its rapid socio-economic transformation, globalization, and environmental challenges. Moreover, after 40 years since the commencement of China’s Economic Reform and the de-collectivization of agriculture, it is a good time to review and reflect how China’s agricultural land systems have been transformed.

  7. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 4

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    avril, 2020
    Afrique, Amérique du Sud, Amérique centrale, Asie

    Landscape governance refers to the combination of rules and decision-making processes of civic, private, and public actors with stakes in the landscape, that together shape the future of that landscape. As part of the Green Livelihoods Alliance, a program that supports civil society organizations (CSOs) to strengthen the governance of tropical forested landscapes, we developed and implemented a method that facilitates stakeholders to assess the status of governance in their own landscape and to identify options for improvement.

  8. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 4

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    avril, 2020
    Costa Rica

    Land acquisition often involves power and displacement and can be carried out on a large scale. There are many forms of land acquisition, including for environmental and conservation purposes as well as for production activities. While green grabbing has joined land grabbing as an environmental justice issue of concern, it is not necessarily the case that all green land acquisition is large scale, done by powerful outsiders, or leads to displacement and exclusion.

  9. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 4

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    avril, 2020
    Indonésie

    The degree to which the maintenance of carbon (C) stocks and tree diversity can be jointly achieved in production landscapes is debated. C stocks in forests are decreased by logging before tree diversity is affected, while C stocks in monoculture tree plantations increase, but diversity does not. Agroforestry can break this hysteresis pattern, relevant for policies in search of synergy.

  10. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 4

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    avril, 2020
    République tchèque

    The concept of ecosystem services developed in the second half of the 20th century, and the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment was crucial for its acceptance. This assessment identified the services that ecosystems provide to society, but geodiversity (as an indispensable component of ecosystems) was somewhat underestimated. At present, geodiversity is intensively used by human society and it provides numerous services including cultural as a resource for tourism, recreation, as a part of natural heritage, and to satisfy matters of spiritual importance.

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