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Showing items 1 through 9 of 13776.
  1. Library Resource
    A Critical Review of Indonesia’s Agrarian Reform Policy
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2017
    Indonésie

    Inequality in the agrarian structure in Indonesia remains a serious problem. Agrarian reform efforts have been the spirit of Indonesia since the enactment of the Basic Regulations on Agrarian Principles Act (UUPA). However, agrarian reform policies are still far from perfect. Since the reformation, the issue of agrarian reform, also known as land reform, regained its discourse space.

  2. Library Resource
    Indonesia's land reform: Implications for local livelihoods and climate change
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2019
    Indonésie

    One of the main components of Indonesia's Just Economy policy is extensive and rapid land reform, which targets about 12% of the country's land area for redistribution to farmers and communities by 2019. Much of the reform is occurring on forest land. At the same time, the country has pledged a significant reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, two thirds of which is to be achieved from forests. Hence agrarian reform potentially conflicts with emission reduction commitments.

  3. Library Resource
    Land markets, Property rights, and Deforestation: Insights from Indonesia
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2017
    Indonésie

    We examine the emergence of land markets and their effects on forest land appropriation by farm households in Jambi Province, Sumatra, using micro-level data covering land use and land transactions for a period of more than 20 years (1992–2015). Based on a theoretical model of land acquisition by a heterogeneous farming population, different hypotheses are developed and empirically tested. Farm households involved in forest land appropriation differ from those involved in land market purchases in terms of migration status and other socioeconomic characteristics.

  4. Library Resource
    China: Real Property Law
    Rapports et recherches
    octobre, 2014
    Chine

    Individuals cannot privately own land in China but may obtain transferrable land-use rights for a number of years for a fee. Currently, the maximum term for urban land-use rights granted for residential purposes is seventy years. In addition, individuals can privately own residential houses and apartments on the land (“home ownership”), although not the land on which the buildings are situated.

  5. Library Resource
    Land Transfer and the Pursuit of Agricultural Modernization in China
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2015
    Chine

    Agriculture, countryside and peasantry have been priority concerns of the Chinese govern- ment, with land and agriculture being the most crucial. With a growing population, less arable land and often relatively low-quality land, Chinese peasant agriculture has been undergoing a form of modernization.While peasants enjoy land-contract rights as a result of the Household Responsibility System (HRS), the state has been promoting transfer of land-use rights in order to promote modern agriculture.

  6. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    juillet, 2015
    Timor-Leste

    Woman and her children in Timor-Leste. In a country where historic conflict has drastically impacted the environment and community dynamics, CI is helping to spark dialogue between local community members and government officials to promote peace through conservation agreements. (© Conservation International/photo by Lynn Tang)

    This is the second blog in our series on environmental peacebuilding, which chronicles CI’s growing role in this emerging field of research. Today’s post focuses on our case study in Timor-Leste.

  7. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    février, 2017
    Philippines

    On February 2, 2017, Philippine Environment Secretary Gina Lopez, who has the full backing of the country’s controversial president Duterte, announced the closure of 23 large-scale mining operations. Two weeks later, on February 14, she announced the cancellation of 75 large-scale mining contracts, as a 

  8. Library Resource
    How Do Differences in Land Ownership Types in China Affect Land Development? A Case from Beijing
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    janvier, 2017
    Chine

    China has a unique land use system in which there are two types of land ownership, namely, state-owned urban land and farmer collective-owned rural land. Despite strict restrictions on the use rights of farmer collective-owned land, rural land is, in fact, developed along two pathways: it is formally acquired by the state and transferred into state ownership, or it is informally developed while remaining in collective ownership.

  9. Library Resource
    Multimédia
    avril, 2016
    Asia du sud-est, Cambodge

     

     

     

  10. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    mai, 2020
    Philippines

    We estimate how a shift towards a more extractive resource policy, brought about by a regulatory reform of the mining sector, affected civil conflict in the Philippines. Our empirical strategy uses a difference-in-differences approach that compares provinces with and without mineral deposits before and after the reform. We find that the reform led to a large increase in conflict violence, most likely due to increased competition over control of resource-rich areas.

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