This opinion paper discusses urban lawns, the most common part of open green spaces and urban green infrastructures. It highlights both the ecosystem services and also disservices provided by urban lawns based on the authors’ experience of working within interdisciplinary research projects on lawns in different cities of Europe (Germany, Sweden and Russia), New Zealand (Christchurch), USA (Syracuse, NY) and Australia (Perth).
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 2998.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmars, 2020Australie, Allemagne, Nouvelle-Zélande, Fédération de Russie, Suède, États-Unis d'Amérique, Europe
Library ResourceArticles et Livresaoût, 2014France, Royaume-Uni, Kenya, États-Unis d'Amérique, Afrique orientale, Amérique septentrionale, Europe septentrionale, Europe occidentale
Biodiversity continues to decline in the face of increasing anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species. Existing global databases of species’ threat status or population time series are dominated by charismatic species. The collation of datasets with broad taxonomic and biogeographic extents, and that support computation of a range of biodiversity indicators, is necessary to enable better understanding of historical declines and to project – and avert – future declines.
Library ResourceDocuments et rapports de conférencefévrier, 2017Suisse, Europe occidentale
Neighbourhood effects on land use change are very common. Therefore, they are often
included in spatially explicit models of land use change and other spatial analyses. Neighbourhood
indices, however, depend strongly on the spatial extent set for calculating them. So far, most of the
existing land-use change analyses or models using neighbourhood indices assumed some predefined
neighbourhood extents without proving whether the selected extents are optimal for the analysis of the
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2020Suisse
Spatial planning plays an important role in cropland protection, but its effectiveness is often questioned in the face of ongoing urban and infrastructure growth. Moreover, methods to assess the effectiveness of spatial planning are lacking. In Switzerland, the revision of the national spatial planning act in 2014 was a new starting point for stricter prescriptions on urban development. We assessed whether the new regulations would better protect dedicated prime cropland from conversion to urban areas using land-use suitability models and land-use scenarios.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2020Pays-Bas
To make regions more resilient, a useful idea is that of synergy between tourism and landscape (i.e., a win-win situation). To help policymakers manage for synergy, we provide practical recommendations. Using the case of Terschelling (the Netherlands), an island that is part of the UNESCO World Heritage listed Wadden Sea, we analyzed how policy and public opinion have been changing, and how multilevel governance is arranged.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjanvier, 2020Australie, États-Unis d'Amérique, Royaume-Uni, Allemagne, Chine
Land degradation is a global issue receiving much attention currently. In order to objectively reveal the research situation of land degradation, bibliometrix and biblioshiny software packages have been used to conduct data mining and quantitative analysis on research papers in the fields of land degradation during 1990–2019 (data update time was 8 April 2019) in the Web of Science core collection database. The results show that: (1) during the past 20 years, the number of papers on land degradation has increased.
News3 janvier 2020AfriqueMozambiqueAfrique australeAtaques de insurgentes aterrorizam a província de Cabo Delgado há mais de dois anos. O economista moçambicano João Mosca identifica um interesse não declarado na instabilidade da região; rica em recursos minerais.
Library ResourceLégislationnovembre, 2019Europe, France
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsoctobre, 2019Mexique, Allemagne
The ejido system, based on communal land in Mexico, was transformed to private ownership due to neoliberal trends in the 1990s. Based on the theory of stakeholders being agents of change, this study aimed to describe the land policies that changed the ejido system into private development to show how land tenure change is shaping urban growth. To demonstrate this, municipalities of San Andrés Cholula and Santa Clara Ocoyucan were selected as case studies.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjuillet, 2019Pays-Bas
The current paper examines the legitimacy dilemmas that rise from local governments’ direct policy instruments and market interventions. It takes the case of public land management strategies. The paper argues that current societal challenges—such as energy transition, climate change and inclusive urban innovation—require planning practices to be more effective. Direct government instruments such as direct market interventions have proven to significantly reduce the implementation gap of planning practice.
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