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Showing items 1 through 9 of 1685.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    juillet, 2019
    Cameroun

    Land resources in montane highlands often represent common property prerequisites for the survival and sustenance of the human in communities that are dependent thereof. The Oku and Mbessa communities on the northern fringe of the Ijim-Kilum citadel have in the course of manning their respective base resources sowed a spectre of edgy perceptions and practices of ownership entitlements that have hatched land resource conflicts.

  2. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 4

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    avril, 2020
    République démocratique du Congo

    Inappropriate land management leads to soil loss with destruction of the land’s resource and sediment input into the receiving river. Part of the sediment budget of a catchment is the estimation of soil loss. In the Ruzizi catchment in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), only limited research has been conducted on soil loss mainly dealing with local observations on geomorphological forms or river load measurements; a regional quantification of soil loss is missing so far. Such quantifications can be calculated using the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE).

  3. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 3

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    mars, 2020
    République démocratique du Congo, Inde, Kenya

    The livelihoods of indigenous peoples, custodians of the world’s forests since time immemorial, were eroded as colonial powers claimed de jure control over their ancestral lands. The continuation of European land regimes in Africa and Asia meant that the withdrawal of colonial powers did not bring about a return to customary land tenure. Further, the growth in environmentalism has been interpreted by some as entailing conservation ahead of people.

  4. Library Resource
    Comment la REDD+ peut-elle contribuer à promouvoir et soutenir les garanties sociales dans les législations nationales ?

    Étude comparative des garanties sociales intégrées dans les législations du Ghana, du Libéria et de la République du Congo

    Rapports et recherches
    avril, 2020
    Congo, Ghana, Libéria

    L’Afrique de l’Ouest et centrale abrite 25 % des forêts tropicales de la planète. La déforestation y est une préoccupation centrale au défi climatique. Face à cette menace, des lois nationales visent à protéger et à restaurer les forêts, ainsi qu’à encadrer leur utilisation pour le développement national.

  5. Library Resource
    Documents et rapports de conférence
    décembre, 2015
    Angola, Burundi, Bénin, Burkina Faso, Botswana, République centrafricaine, Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroun, République démocratique du Congo, Congo, Djibouti, Égypte, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Gabon, Ghana, Guinée, Kenya, Libéria, Lesotho, Maroc, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Mauritanie, Malawi, Namibie, Niger, Nigéria, Rwanda, Soudan, Sénégal, Sierra Leone, Soudan du Sud, Eswatini, Tchad, Togo, Tunisie, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Afrique du Sud, Zambie, Zimbabwe, Afrique occidentale, Afrique orientale, Afrique septentrionale, Afrique centrale, Afrique australe

    Land degradation and desertification are among the biggest environmental challenges of our time. In the last 40 years, we lost nearly a third of the world’s arable farmland due to erosion, just as the number of people to be fed from it almost doubled. That’s why the UN General Assembly declared 2015 as the International Year of Soils. And the good news is that this new report shows that while Africa remains the most severely a«ected region, the benefit of taking action across the continent outweighs the cost of implementing it: not just by a little, but by a factor of seven.

  6. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    mars, 2016
    Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambie, Zimbabwe, Afrique orientale, Afrique centrale, Afrique australe

    Variability in woody plant species, vegetation assemblages and anthropogenic activities derails the efforts to have common approaches for estimating biomass and carbon stocks in Africa. In order to suggest management options, it is important to understand the vegetation dynamics and the major drivers governing the observed conditions. This study uses data from 29 sentinel landscapes (4640 plots) across the southern Africa. We used T-Square distance method to sample trees.

  7. Library Resource
    Anuario Antropologico
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2015
    Afrique, Afrique sub-saharienne, Sao Tomé-et-Principe

    A independência de São Tomé e Príncipe, em 1975, foi um projeto de um grupo muito restrito de exilados. O arquipélago tornou-se independente sob a liderança do Movimento de Libertação de São Tomé e Príncipe (MLSTP) e Pinto da Costa. Apesar de alguns militantes viverem no Gabão e não serem socialistas, o MLSTP, apoiado pelo Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola, tornou-se socialista. Depois de 1975, sob a ditadura do partido único, o MLSTP tentou impor uma política que enfatizava o valor do trabalho e o ideal do homem novo.

  8. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    novembre, 1997
    Cameroun

    One of the environmental consequences of slash-and-burn farming is the loss of forest system carbon which in turn contributes to atmospheric change and impacts upon global climates. International attention has become focused upon the development of alternatives to slash-and-burn agriculture to alleviate poverty, protect biodiversity and reduce climate change. Before alternative land use systems can be evaluated in terms of carbon sequestration, baseline measurements of carbon dynamics resulting from current practices are required.

  9. Library Resource
    USP
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    octobre, 2019
    Afrique, Angola

    Este artigo analisa os conflitos de terra que decorreram da instalação de uma fábrica de ferro na região da Ilamba, no interior de Angola, na segunda metade do século XVIII. A desapropriação das terras africanas, na África Centro-Ocidental, em períodos anteriores ao século XIX, é uma temática pouco abordada pela historiografia.

  10. Library Resource

    Volume 8 Issue 7

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2019
    Botswana, Zambie, Mali, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Cameroun, Afrique

    Recent debates in social anthropology on land acquisitions highlight the need to go further back in history in order to analyse their impacts on local livelihoods. The debate over the commons in economic and ecological anthropology helps us understand some of today’s dynamics by looking at precolonial common property institutions and the way they were transformed by Western colonization to state property and then, later in the age of neoliberalism, to privatization and open access.

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