In recent years, there has been a gradually growing emphasis on the protection of wilderness in Iceland. This is highlighted in the current preparation of a new national park in the Icelandic central highlands, which will become Europe’s largest national park. However, in order to protect the wilderness, a mutual understanding, both on what it is and where it is, is needed. This paper seeks to evaluate Icelanders’ perception and understanding of wilderness.
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Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsavril, 2020Islande
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmars, 2020Australie, Allemagne, Nouvelle-Zélande, Fédération de Russie, Suède, États-Unis d'Amérique, Europe
This opinion paper discusses urban lawns, the most common part of open green spaces and urban green infrastructures. It highlights both the ecosystem services and also disservices provided by urban lawns based on the authors’ experience of working within interdisciplinary research projects on lawns in different cities of Europe (Germany, Sweden and Russia), New Zealand (Christchurch), USA (Syracuse, NY) and Australia (Perth).
Library ResourceArticles et Livresaoût, 2014France, Royaume-Uni, Kenya, États-Unis d'Amérique, Afrique orientale, Amérique septentrionale, Europe septentrionale, Europe occidentale
Biodiversity continues to decline in the face of increasing anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species. Existing global databases of species’ threat status or population time series are dominated by charismatic species. The collation of datasets with broad taxonomic and biogeographic extents, and that support computation of a range of biodiversity indicators, is necessary to enable better understanding of historical declines and to project – and avert – future declines.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2020Estonie
In most European countries, there has been a decrease in the number of farms, while the area of agricultural land has remained almost the same. This ongoing process of land concentration can affect Europe’s small farms and rural areas. The EU has acknowledged that the problem is serious and that, to solve it, it must be studied more closely.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2020Suède
Large areas of agricultural land have been abandoned or are at risk of being abandoned such as small scattered fields and pastures in forest-dominated landscapes are unsuitable for modern mechanized agriculture and cost-efficient grazing. These areas have therefore become unprofitable to cultivate and graze. Spruce planting has been seen as the obvious alternative on these lands but is today questioned from landscape points of view. Now most abandoned land is left for natural afforestation.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjanvier, 2020Australie, États-Unis d'Amérique, Royaume-Uni, Allemagne, Chine
Land degradation is a global issue receiving much attention currently. In order to objectively reveal the research situation of land degradation, bibliometrix and biblioshiny software packages have been used to conduct data mining and quantitative analysis on research papers in the fields of land degradation during 1990–2019 (data update time was 8 April 2019) in the Web of Science core collection database. The results show that: (1) during the past 20 years, the number of papers on land degradation has increased.
News3 janvier 2020AfriqueMozambiqueAfrique australeAtaques de insurgentes aterrorizam a província de Cabo Delgado há mais de dois anos. O economista moçambicano João Mosca identifica um interesse não declarado na instabilidade da região; rica em recursos minerais.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsaoût, 2019Estonie, Lettonie
This paper uses the tripartite place attachment framework to examine six rural parishes across Estonia and Latvia. Existing analyses/frameworks on participatory processes often neglect the complexity of relationships that rural residents have to their local environments.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmai, 2019Norvège
Norway has a political goal to minimize the loss of cultural heritage due to removal, destruction or decay. On behalf of the national Directorate for Cultural Heritage, we have developed methods to monitor Cultural Heritage Environments.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjanvier, 2019Irlande
In this article, we first summarise trends of land use changes and urbanisation in Ireland since 1990 using data from the Corine Land Cover program. In doing so, we compare the developments in Ireland with other European countries. Second, we propose a statistical test for the presence of sprawl using conditional and unconditional convergence tests. The two-part empirical analysis allows us to establish that Ireland has experienced a substantial loss of non-urban land in recent decades.
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