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Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 1334.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    avril, 2020
    Global

    Constituyendo únicamente el 5% de la población del mundo, los Pue- blos Indígenas protegen el 80% de la biodiversidad del planeta.1 Glo- balmente, muchos de los bosques que aún alberga nuestro hogar

  2. Library Resource
    Land markets, Property rights, and Deforestation: Insights from Indonesia
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2017
    Indonésie

    We examine the emergence of land markets and their effects on forest land appropriation by farm households in Jambi Province, Sumatra, using micro-level data covering land use and land transactions for a period of more than 20 years (1992–2015). Based on a theoretical model of land acquisition by a heterogeneous farming population, different hypotheses are developed and empirically tested. Farm households involved in forest land appropriation differ from those involved in land market purchases in terms of migration status and other socioeconomic characteristics.

  3. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2015
    Éthiopie

    This paper examines the role of customary pastoral institutions in managing conflicts. It indicates thatintra‐ethnic conflicts can be managed customarily because of shared norms attributed to the social proximity and cultural homogeneity, whereas managing inter‐ethnic conflicts goes beyond the capacity of elders' council exercising customary law. The introduction of ethnic‐based federalism and historical political relations between different ethnic groups has weakened customary institutions in managing inter‐ethnic conflict.

  4. Library Resource
    ISA
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2017
    Amérique du Sud, Brésil
    Entre 2014 e 2015, a comunidade Jeremias da Terra Indígena Paraná do Boá-Boá, no município de Japurá, no Amazonas, realizou um levantamento socioambiental participativo, cuja pesquisa se deu em parceria com o Conselho Indigenista Missionário – Prelazia de Tefé (CIMI) e o Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). Esta publicação apresenta os resultados do levantamento socioambiental realizado pela pesquisadora indígena, Adneuza Souto, junto com comunidade Maku Nadëb da aldeia Jeremias da Terra Indígena Paraná Boá-Boá. 
  5. Library Resource
    Synthesis of agricultural land system change in China over the past 40 years
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    février, 2019
    Chine

    In summary, China presents a particularly intriguing case for the study of land system dynamics with its spatial patterns of cropland and crops, crop structure and diversity, land transfer and consolidation, and land use intensity changes against the backdrop of its rapid socio-economic transformation, globalization, and environmental challenges. Moreover, after 40 years since the commencement of China’s Economic Reform and the de-collectivization of agriculture, it is a good time to review and reflect how China’s agricultural land systems have been transformed.

  6. Library Resource
    Instituto Socioambiental
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2014
    Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Amérique du Sud, Brésil, Colombie
    O informe de avanços Cartografia dos sítios sagrados do Noroeste Amazônico que apresentamos a seguir, é uma compilação de exemplos e experiências que buscam dar conta, por um lado, da riqueza cultural e ambiental constituída pelos sistemas de lugares sagrados do Noroeste Amazônico; por outro, da diversidade de aproximações e entendimentos entre as visões de mundo indígenas e o modo como as organizações da sociedade civil e do Estado compreendem este patrimônio cultural.
  7. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 3

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    mars, 2020
    Chine

    A new urbanization and rural revitalization strategy has been implemented in China over a number of years, under which farmers’ land contract rights (LCRs) flow inevitably through various means. The practice in reform pilot areas indicates that government funds cannot meet all the needs, so exploring market-based LCR payout paths is important for rural land tenure system reform. The purpose of this study is to answer questions such as the following: How would farmers respond if they were allowed to trade LCRs? Is there an equilibrium point between the potential supply and demand of LCRs?

  8. Library Resource
    Reconstruction of China’s Farmland Rights System Based on the ‘Trifurcation of Land Rights’ Reform
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    février, 2020
    Chine

    With the aim of improving farmland use efficiency without damaging the social function of farmland, Chinese policymakers have proposed the ‘trifurcation of land rights’ reform. When it comes to realization of the law, however, neither the Ownership Model nor the Bundle of Sticks Model can adequately explain this reform. The tree concept of property, which provides a new perspective in delineating property rights based on the function served by specific properties, is thus adopted.

  9. Library Resource
    Anuario Antropologico
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2020
    Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Amérique du Sud, Brésil

    No contexto de aumento de propostas de sistemas de pagamentos por serviços ambientais e também de reconhecimento crescente da contribuição dos povos tradicionais para a sociobiodiversidade e o combate às mudanças climáticas, esse artigo apresenta um processo em curso de identificação das contribuições socioambientais de povos tradicionais da Terra do Meio.

  10. Library Resource
    Anuario Antropologico
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2020
    Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Amérique du Sud, Brésil

    Este artigo apresenta uma análise etnográfica acerca das políticas do habitar entre o povo Wapichana segundo modos específicos de relações com lugares. Em seguida aborda como essas formas próprias de habitar entraram em relação com a agenda de gestão territorial e ambiental de terras indígenas no Brasil por meio da elaboração de um Plano de Gestão Territorial e Ambiental – PGTA. Ao trazer esse encontro, o objetivo é destacar algumas dificuldades de translação na comunicação intercultural.

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