Papua New Guinea is a country in Oceania that hosts unique rain forests and forest ecosystems which are crucial for sequestering atmospheric carbon, conserving biodiversity, supporting the livelihood of indigenous people, and underpinning the timber market of the country. As a result of urban sprawl, agricultural expansion, and illegal logging, there has been a tremendous increase in land-use land cover (LULC) change happening in the country in the past few decades and this has triggered massive deforestation and forest degradation.
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Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsseptembre, 2020Guinée, Océanie
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsseptembre, 2020Ghana, Afrique sub-saharienne
Ghana is urbanising rapidly, and over half of the country’s population have lived in urban areas since 2010. Although research has proliferated to explore Ghana’s urbanisation, there is a dearth of research that holistically explores the wider sustainability implications of urbanisation, offers comparative perspectives in the context of large and smaller urban areas, and provides a perspective of local level urbanisation in the context of resource extraction (mining).
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsseptembre, 2020Japon
Peri-urban agriculture (PUA) has been widely regarded as a sub-field of multifunctional agriculture for improving the sustainability of urban environments. However, urban sprawl has both negative and positive effects on peri-urban farming, and the research on this issue in Japan is insufficient.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsseptembre, 2020Chine, Fédération de Russie, États-Unis d'Amérique
The rapid growth of China’s economy since the reform in 1978 should be largely attributed to urbanization. Nonetheless, in terms of farmland productivity, urbanization may lead to perverse incentives and thus threaten food security. On the one hand, the requisition–compensation balance of farmland (RCBF) policy could reduce farmland productivity because of a “superior occupation and inferior compensation”; on the other hand, urbanization promotes the transfer of the younger labor force and thus reduces the productivity of the agricultural labor force.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsseptembre, 2020Italie, États-Unis d'Amérique
The research presented in the paper intends to overcome an information gap on the evolution of urbanized surfaces in Italy which in the studies carried out so far have never been available. The only historical data on this form of land use date back to the 1950s, and were extracted from a national cartography created by the Military Geographic Institute. The next chronological section available was then that of the noughties, already digital.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresjuillet, 2020Brunéi Darussalam
In fast-developing regions, like Southeast-Asia, monitoring urban areas presents a challenge given the lack of publicly available data. This is an issue that precludes the nuances of a city’s growth and undermines the way land-use is considered with respect to planning. The issue of data availability is very much present in the small nation of Brunei. Little is still known about the spatiotemporal evolution of its urban realm; in particular, with regard to its national development planning.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesmai, 2018Brunéi Darussalam
THE Ministry of Development (MoD)’s Policy Framework and Strategic Plan 2018-2023 is a comprehensive plan that outlines the policy direction in priority areas and provides strategy and implementation arrangements from aspects of land use planning, infrastructure development and environmental management so that they are closely coordinated with the country’s socio-economic development in line with duties and responsibilities towards the realisation of Brunei Vision 2035.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresjuin, 2020Global
Fondement de toute implantation humaine et matière première de l’aménagement urbain, le foncier est devenu une cible privilégiée d’investissement par une multitude d’acteurs qui concourent à sa valorisation rapide dans un grand nombre de territoires urbains. Pour saisir les profondes mutations à l’œuvre dans les dynamiques foncières, nous les abordons dans ce chapitre en lien avec les transformations des cadres macro-économiques et institutionnels des capitalismes contemporains.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesseptembre, 2020Global
Informal settlements in areas that are already disaster prone are an increasing problem. Climate adaptation is also often used as an excuse fo evictions to redevelop sites in a more climate-proof manner in what is often referred to as ‘climate gentrification. Nature-based solutions to climate change, such as increasing green spaces, may increase home values, but the question of who benefits from these initiatives arises. How can the side effects of climate interventions that can lead to inequality, such as increase in value, be avoided?
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjuin, 2020Brunéi Darussalam
Brunei Darussalam strives to build on its Millennium Development Goals achievements to take greater strides towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
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