Community lands are all lands that fall under the customary governance of the community whether or not this is recognized in national law. Community land is variously described as the community domain, community land area, community territory, or other terms (e.g., Tanzania refers to village lands, Ghana to customary lands, China to collectives, Cambodia refers to indigenous lands, etc.).
"Acknowledged by government" refers to indigenous or community land that is recognized in law as owned or formally set aside for Indigenous Peoples or community occupation and use.
"Not documented" means that the Indigenous Peoples or community are recognized by government but do not hold formal documentation for various reasons, which could include situations where:
1) they are in the process of obtaining formal documentation and the process is not complete;
2) there is a lack of funding, political will or other circumstances such that the documentation process has not been initiated;
3) the national law recognizes indigenous and community land without formal documentation (although some Indigenous Peoples and communities obtain formal documentation to double-lock their land rights; in this case the land is categorized as titled);
4) there is no legal provision for documentation, and registrable title may only be obtained by surrendering the customary right in favour of issue of a statutory title such as leasehold or freehold.
See the Community Level Data and Methods page on the LandMark website for more information.
LandMark source: Various. See the attribute box associated with each spatial entity to identify its data source and contributor. For an overview of data sources and providers per country, see the Data Providers page.
Frequency: Data are updated periodically as acquired, reviewed, and standardized.
Caution: LandMark aims to display the best-quality data available from reputable organizations and recognized experts, but does not endorse or verify the accuracy of any dataset. The platform includes maps and data on indigenous and community lands that are publicly available as well as information voluntarily contributed by individuals and organizations with their permission as detailed in a data-sharing agreement. The contributing individuals and organizations, which are documented in the Data Providers page, are responsible for their data. Users are encouraged to report any errors, omissions, or inconsistencies to the LandMark Operations Team (firstname.lastname@example.org) and the appropriate data provider. Amendments will be made on a periodic basis. For more information, see Data Quality standards.