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The State of Support for Open Data in Land Governance

Reports & Research
November, 2019
Global

This September, the Land Portal hosted an online dialogue on ‘Open Land Data in the Fight Against Corruption’. This responded to a dual recognition that corruption remains a major issue in land governance, and that open data has been identified as a powerful tool in the fight against corruption. At the same time, gaps remain between the promise and the reality of open data in the land sector. Poor data availability, underdeveloped theories of change, and a lack of implementation support have all contributed to slowerthan-desired progress in data publication and use over the last decade.

Analysis of Elevation Models for Nigerian 2D Cadastre Height Determination

Peer-reviewed publication
August, 2019
Africa

In Nigeria, the spatial requirements of cadastral map for the purposes of land registration are based on 2D planimetric boundary coordinates without consideration for the elevation component of geometric space. Whereas, recent development in technology and practises in many countries requires the inclusion of elevation component into the cadastre. The specific objectives of this study are to determine elevation values for existing 2D cadastre of the study area from different data sources and to analyze those elevation values using statistical means.

Tech and Transparency: democratising data and empowering communities with cutting-edge technologies

Reports & Research
July, 2019
Tanzania
Jamaica
Global

lack of transparency in the land and property sector prevents individuals, communities and governments from unlocking the value of the property as an asset, and undermines policies and legal frameworks that aim to provide land tenure security, potentially leading to a misallocation of rights. In fact, land governance is ranked among the sectors in which people are most likely to pay bribes for access to services, according to Transparency International’s Global Corruption Barometer.

Land Registration: Global Practices and Lessons for India

Journal Articles & Books
June, 2019
United States of America
India
United Kingdom
France
Germany
Netherlands
Australia

Land Registration: Global Practices and Lessons for India has been authored by B. K. Agarwal,  having extensive knowledge and first-hand experience in land administration. It contains a comparative analysis of land registration systems of Germany, UK, Australia, USA, France, and the Netherlands.​ Laws regarding maintenance of land title records in four Indian states Maharashtra, Karnataka, Punjab, and West Bengal have also been analyzed. In the end the author has given his  evidence-based recommendations on reforms required in the Indian land registration system.​

A Preliminary Study on The Formation of Land Legislation and Cadastre System in Sarawak, Malaysia

Peer-reviewed publication
April, 2019
Malaysia

Recent decades have witnessed a perceptible impact of land policy and cadastre on the urbanisation around the globe. Land legislation and cadastre system are the tools and mechanisms in order to achieve the objectives of land policy in delivering sustainable development. According to the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, article 74 empowers the State Legislative Assemblies to enact laws for the matters under the state list while land matters are one of the subjects under the list.

Space-Enhanced Systematic Land Titling and Registration: A Stride at Resuscitating Nigeria’s ‘Dead Capital’

Peer-reviewed publication
April, 2019
Africa

Since the commencement of land registration in Nigeria, less than 3% of land, mainly in urban areas had been registered. This is partly due to the prevalent sporadic method. Sporadic procedure of obtaining title is associated with many problems which include time and cost. This study examined space-enhanced systematic land titling and registration (SLTR) approach in Ondo State, Nigeria towards easing the titling logjam in the State. Questionnaire and Oral interview were used to elicit information from landowners and heads of departments of two government agencies.

Use of geospatial analysis methods in land management and cadastre

Policy Papers & Briefs
December, 2018
Latvia
Belarus

The possibilities of using the geospatial analysis methods for visualizing land monitoring data and modelling the spatial distribution of the main agrochemical soil indicators are discussed in the article. The research was conducted within the limits of land use of RUP “Uchkhoz BGSHA” (Republic of Belarus, Mogilev region, Goretsky district). The total area of the surveyed territory was 3187.0 hectares. The geospatial analysis of the spatial distribution of humus, mobile phosphorus, mobile potassium and pHKCl was carried out using the Geostatistical Analyst module of the ArcGIS software.

The concept of land plot as a combination of smart contracts: a vision for creating blockchain cadastre

Policy Papers & Briefs
December, 2018
Latvia
Ukraine

The key features of the blockchain databases, such as decentralization, distribution, security, and record of the history of all transactions, create significant prospects for their application in the field of cadastre and real estate registration activities, including creation of the global real estate cadastre infrastructure, which will be able to go beyond national legal systems and jurisdictions. The conceptual approach to registration of land plots as spatial objects using blockchain technology is proposed.

Problemele relațiilor funciare în agricultura Moldovei

Journal Articles & Books
November, 2018
Moldova

Acest articol este consacrat domeniului relațiilor funciare, în special celor agricole
și problemelor legate de reglementarea eficientă a lor în condițiile actuale ale dezvoltării societății. Din totalitatea problemelor nesoluționate în agricultura Republicii Moldova la etapa actuală autorul subliniază necesitatea obiectivă a dezvoltării bazelor metodologice a relațiilor funciare agrare, în scopul administrării durabile a resurselor funciare de către forme organizatorico-juridice, bazate pe diferite tipuri de proprietate.

Probleme cu privire la elaborarea sistemelor informatice specifice domeniilor de activitate din Republica Moldova

Journal Articles & Books
November, 2018
Moldova

The purpose of this article is to analyze the state of the IT systems specific to different areas of activity in the Republic of Moldova, aiming at informational provision, permanent monitoring and facilitation of the decision-making processes for sustainable development. The technical, economic, legal, social, methodological aspects of the elaboration and implementation of the specific IT systems as subsystems for the recording and management of real estate are studied.