The present Agreement is an initiative by 14 First Nations to take over the management and control of their lands and resources. The Agreement sets out the principle components of this new land management process. Furthermore, the present Agreement provides First Nations with all legal status and powers needed to manage and govern their lands and resources. While First Nations will not be able to sell their land, they will be able to lease or develop their lands and resources, subject to any limits imposed by their own community in laws and Land Codes. The Land Code A Land Code, Drafted by the community, will be the basic land law of the First Nation and will replace the land management provisions of the Indian Act. The Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development will no longer be involved in the management of the First Nation’s reserve lands. The Land Code does not have to be approved by the Minister.The text consists of 59 sections divided into 12 Parts as follows: Preliminary matters (I); Opting in procedure (II); First Nation land management right and power (III); First nation law making (IV); Environment (V); Funding (VI); Expropriation of first nation land by Canada (VII); Lands Advisory Board (VIII); Dispute resolution (IX); Ratification and enactments by the parties (X); Other matters (XI);
Implemented by: First Nations Land Management Act (S.C. 1999, c. 24). (2017-03-24)
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A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec.