Environmental Protection Law No. 42 of 2014. | Land Portal

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This Law aims at: protecting and maintaining the natural balance of the environment and its resources; combating the pollution and its damages, at both short and long term; banning any party whatsoever, whether a company or institution or consultation office from carrying out any work in this field without prior consent of the EPA; obliging all firm owners in the country to implement all the engineering and environmental requirements set by the EPA; planning programs for economic, agricultural, industrial, touristic and urban development to improve the level of livelihoods; guaranteeing a sustainable development and preserving the biodiversity; protecting the health of human beings and other organisms; and protecting the environment from the dangerous effects from neighboring countries.The Law consists of 181 articles divided into 10 sections. Introduction: mainly explains the Environmental management system, with its three bodies: Supreme Council, Environment Public Authority (EPA) and Environmental Protection Fund. Development and Environment (I): regards the assessment of the environmental impact in the first chapter, while the second chapter deals with the compliance with certain environmental standards at the workplace, especially if closed. Territory protection from pollution (II): deals with the management of chemical substances and hazardous, solid and health-care waste. It treats also the protection of wild and agricultural lands from the pollution. Protection of outdoor air from pollution (III): the Public Authority shall offer continual monitoring and evaluation of the situation and prepare research and studies to protect the quality of the air from the harmful effects of greenhouse gas pollutants. The aquatic environment and coastal zones protection from pollution (IV): it is divided in marine environment and drinking water and groundwater. The first area takes into consideration scope of the protection, pollution from ships and land-based sources, registers and administrative procedures, judicial proceedings and provides sanctions on those who commit any action that happens or pollute the marine environment with harmful substances, except for vessels and military transports. The second area is regulated according to the standards of WHO and the requirements prescribed by the Regulations to the Law. The third chapter of this Section regulates coastal protection from pollution. Biodiversity (V): concerns both the endangered species of wild fauna and flora regulated by CITES and the natural reserves. Environmental management (VI): deals with Environmental strategies, Environmental police, Environmental data management, Authority management system and Media and environmental awareness. The Law ends with Penalties (VII), Civil Liability and Compensation for environmental damages (VIII) and Final Provisions (IX).

Implemented by: Decree No.3 of 2017 on the Executive Regulations on Biodiversity. (2017-04-11)
Implemented by: Decree No.7 of 2016 on the Regulations for the Protection of the Land and Agricultural Environment. (2016-07-19)
Implemented by: Decree No.5 of 2016 on the ُExecutive Regulations on Chemicals Management. (2016-07-19)
Implemented by: Decree No.12 of 2017 issuing the Executive Regulations for the Protection of the Aquatic and Coastal Environment from Pollution. (2017-08-21)
Implemented by: The Environmental and Social Impact Assessment System in the State of Kuwait, issued by Resolution No.2 of 2015. (2015-11-23)
Amended by: Law No. 99 of 2015 amending some provisions of the Environmental Protection Law No.42 of 2014. (2015-08-24)

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