Landscape Act. | Land Portal

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August 2013
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The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the creation of the national environment and regional environments which are beautiful and pleasant and feature regional characteristics by providing for matters necessary for the conservation, management and creation of landscapes in order to manage landscapes of the national territories in a systematic manner. In particular, landscapes shall be planned and managed in accordance with the following principles: 1) To help people enjoy beautiful and pleasant landscapes; 2) To feature indigenous nature, history and culture to a region and to maintain landscapes in good conditions by the mutual consent of local residents in close relationships with the life and economic activities of the local residents; 3) To encourage each region to adopt management methods of autonomous landscape administration; 4) To have acts related to development harmonized and balanced with landscapes; 5) To conserve excellent landscapes and to improve and restore damaged landscapes, while inducing newly created landscapes to feature distinctive elements.The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall formulate and execute a master plan for landscape policies every five years in order to create beautiful and pleasant landscapes of the national territories and discover, support and promote excellent landscapes. Moreover, where necessary to promote a landscape project smoothly, the head of a central administrative agency or the Mayor may establish a Landscape Project Promotion Council comprised of local residents, non-governmental organizations, related experts. Article 20 specifies that where necessary for the preparation of a written landscape agreement and the management of the landscape agreement, any person who enters into the agreement may establish a Steering Committee as an autonomous organization among persons who enter into the agreement. The text consists of 34 articles.

Implemented by: Enforcement Decree of the Landscape Act. (2016-07-06)

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An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the US in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK).

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