The purpose of this Act is to contribute to environmental conservation and to improvement in the quality of nationals’ livelihood by facilitating installation of waste disposal facilities and promotion of residents’ welfare of the adjacent areas through promoting the securing of sites for waste disposal facilities and support for the residents of adjacent areas. Article 14 establishes that an agency installing waste disposal facilities may, where it announces a location for waste disposal facilities may expropriate or use the land necessary for the installation of waste disposal facilities. The text consists of 32 articles.
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An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the US in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK).