The purpose of this Act is to conserve the environment and to relieve damage to the health and property of citizens by providing for the procedure, etc. of good offices, mediation and adjudication regarding environmental disputes for the rapid, fair and efficient settlement of the environmental disputes. Each environmental dispute resolution commission referred to in Article 4 shall endeavor for the rapid, fair and economical proceeding of adjustment procedure, and the disputing parties who take part in the adjustment procedure shall faithfully participate in the procedure with mutual trust and understanding. he national resolution commission shall have jurisdiction over the following matters among affairs concerning the adjustment of disputes: Adjudication on disputes; Adjustment of disputes in which the State or a local government is a party; Adjustment of other disputes. Each regional resolution commission shall have jurisdiction over affairs other than the affairs referred to in paragraph (1) 2 through 5 among affairs for the adjustment of disputes which arise in the areas of the relevant City/Do: Provided, That in cases of paragraph (1) 1, it shall apply only to adjudication on disputes prescribed by Presidential Decree, excluding disputes over the obstruction of sunshine, obstruction of air circulation and obstruction of view.
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An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the US in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK).
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