Democratising Timber: An Assessment of Myanmar's Emerging 'Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade' (FLEGT) Process | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
October 2014
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 

... This paper attempts to analyse the key aspects of reforms required to ‘democratise’ Myanmar's timber trade, and the political–economic interests contributing or obstructing reform. The main aim of this paper is to assess the prospects for reform of Myanmar's timber sector in light of theemerging FLEGT process, and to apply a political ecological analysis to the ways in which the political–economic power balance will determine the outcomes. We use aspects of political–ecological analysis to understand the nature and dynamics of the contested reform process: firstly structural explanations for the ways in which different groups gain access to resources — in this case forests and timber, andwho gains and loses through these processes; and secondly, a critical analysis of how polices relate to the exercise of power and practices on the ground. (Springate-Baginski and Blaikie, 2007: 10).

Methodologically, the often opaque and generally illicit nature of Myanmar's present timber trade makes primary data collection extremely difficult, even hazardous. There is also limited government data, and what there is, is systematically misleading (EIA, 2014). Therefore for this overview paper we necessarily rely on secondary sources
and anonymous interviews (conducted in Spring 2013), along with the personal experience of the authors.

To help clarify the complex and fluid contemporary situation
this first section sets out the overall political and historical context of Myanmar's timber trade...

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Anthony Neil
Oliver Springate-Baginski
Aung Kyaw Thein
Win Myo Thu
Faith Doherty


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Our findings are combined with scientific documentation and representation at international conventions, creating the hard-hitting campaigns which have earned us a global reputation.


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