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Showing items 1 through 9 of 5427.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2021
    Central Asia

    The article reviews the latest available statistical information on gender inequalities in labor markets and in access to financial institutions, social services, and education.

  2. Library Resource

    Réflexion sur la réforme foncière à partir de l'exemple de la Guinée Maritime

    Peer-reviewed publication
    July, 2011
    Guinea

    De nombreux travaux alimentent la réflexion sur le droit foncier des zones rurales en Afrique de l’Ouest. En Guinée, la réforme foncière est d’actualité depuis plusieurs années mais les différents événements politiques de ces dernières années ont continuellement repoussé le travail entamé. Il n’en reste pas moins que le sujet demeure un enjeu d’actualité et sera un des chantiers du nouveau gouvernement.

  3. Library Resource

    Factors and actors driving the reform agenda

    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2017
    Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Mongolia

    This paper examines the roles of the state, international organisations and the public in pastoral land reform in the Central Asian republics and Mongolia. In recent years new legislation has been passed in most of these countries, often driven by environmental concerns. In the development of these laws, international organisations tend to promote common property regimes, whilst governments usually emphasise individual security of tenure, each using environmental arguments taken from quite different bodies of theory.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2010
    Tajikistan

    This paper looks at how recent economic and legal changes have affected pasture management and property rights in Tajikistan. Firstly, current trends in livestock numbers and mobility are compared with those of the Soviet period. Secondly, the impact of current land legislation is investigated using 2007 field data from two sites in the Gorno-Badakhshan region of the country. We describe the extent to which pasture at these sites is under private, community or state control and discuss the implications for sustainable management of this resource.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2007
    Tajikistan

    This article uses data from household income surveys to look at income structures amongst households in three mountainous regions of Tajikistan: Gorno-Badakhshan, the Rasht Valley and Eastern Khatlon. The structure of incomes demonstrates the dominant role of subsistence agriculture in all three regions although commercial agriculture is important amongst better-off households in Rasht. Relationships between poverty and household characteristics including access to capital, demographic variables and income-generating activities were examined.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2018
    Kazakhstan

    The paper provides the analysis of improving the land reform in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The authors examine the main development stages of land ownership relations, during which the work has been performed to transform agricultural enterprises, privatize land and change the land use. The main legal acts, intended to regulate the issues of land ownership and territorial organization and creating conditions for the development of the land market, are shown.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2009
    Mali

    Au Mali, au début des années 1990, la décentralisation fut d’abord un acte politique permettant de proposer une solution viable au problème de la rébellion touarègue.Ensuite, les aspirations aux idées occidentales démocratiques (pluralisme politique,liberté de la presse, etc.) d’une partie des élites urbaines ont rencontré les plans des occidentaux pour le développement de l’Afrique pour donner un système de décentralisation territoriale à la française, mais où la commune est composée d’un ensemble

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2018
    Mali

    This brief note identifies the consequences of land acquisitions in peri-urban spaces around the cities of Bamako and Ségou, Mali. This contributes to debates surrounding the rapid expansion of African cities faced with rapid rural-urban migration and new arrivals settling in precarious conditions. West Africa has a long history of urbanisation, in some cases accompanied by highly productive and intensified land use.

  9. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    November, 2020
    Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon

    À rebours des autres régions du monde, l’Afrique pourrait devenir bientôt le continent de la déforestation, avec la République démocratique du Congo qui perd plus d’un million d’hectares de couvert arboré par an. En Afrique centrale, la déforestation est le fait d’une petite agriculture dont l’emprise géographique s’accroît avec la démographie et la volonté de se constituer des patrimoines fonciers.

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