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Showing items 1 through 9 of 6034.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2021
    Central Asia

    The article reviews the latest available statistical information on gender inequalities in labor markets and in access to financial institutions, social services, and education.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    July, 2021
    Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan

    In late April, 2021, deadly cross-border violence resulted in the deaths of 36 Kyrgyz and 19 Tajik citizens.1 To say that the Kyrgyz-Tajik border is complicated would be an understatement. The Soviet collapse in 1991 transformed internal and often overlooked administrative boundaries into suddenly salient and internationally recognized state borders. Villages, farmland, pasture, and infrastructure once shared with little afterthought during the Soviet period today straddle sovereign nations. Exclaves make cross-border travel, commerce, and politics even more complicated.

  3. Library Resource

    Factors and actors driving the reform agenda

    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2017
    Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Mongolia

    This paper examines the roles of the state, international organisations and the public in pastoral land reform in the Central Asian republics and Mongolia. In recent years new legislation has been passed in most of these countries, often driven by environmental concerns. In the development of these laws, international organisations tend to promote common property regimes, whilst governments usually emphasise individual security of tenure, each using environmental arguments taken from quite different bodies of theory.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2010
    Tajikistan

    This paper looks at how recent economic and legal changes have affected pasture management and property rights in Tajikistan. Firstly, current trends in livestock numbers and mobility are compared with those of the Soviet period. Secondly, the impact of current land legislation is investigated using 2007 field data from two sites in the Gorno-Badakhshan region of the country. We describe the extent to which pasture at these sites is under private, community or state control and discuss the implications for sustainable management of this resource.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2007
    Tajikistan

    This article uses data from household income surveys to look at income structures amongst households in three mountainous regions of Tajikistan: Gorno-Badakhshan, the Rasht Valley and Eastern Khatlon. The structure of incomes demonstrates the dominant role of subsistence agriculture in all three regions although commercial agriculture is important amongst better-off households in Rasht. Relationships between poverty and household characteristics including access to capital, demographic variables and income-generating activities were examined.

  6. Library Resource

    Supporting smallholder farming in the post-socialist context

    Reports & Research
    August, 2015
    Georgia

    Smallholder farmers in Georgia face multiple challenges, including low productivity and poor access to the inputs and capacities that they need. Oxfam and its partners are implementing a programme that aims to increase agricultural productivity and support the competitiveness of smallholder farmers. The project works with smallholder farmers to establish and strengthen business-oriented farmer groups. The project also promotes changes to national policy and legislation, in order to create a more conducive environment for their development.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2017
    Georgia

    The first agricultural census (AC) was conducted in 2004. The AC 2014 was the second AC, conducted in conjunction with the 2014 General Population Census  (GPC).

  8. Library Resource

    An economics of land degradation case study

    Reports & Research
    May, 2021
    Georgia

    Title: The economics of pasture management in Georgia: An economics of land degradation study

  9. Library Resource

    Legal and institutional analysis

    Reports & Research
    December, 2021
    Georgia

    Title: The economics of pasture management in Georgia: An economics of land degradation study

  10. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2020
    Georgia

    Over the last two decades, Georgia has made impressive progress in economic growth and reforms. These advancements have also brought about an increase in investments and infrastructure as well as in service sectors, such as tourism, that provide a potential for future growth and welfare. Georgia’s leaders and society have also recognized that the pursuit of growth depends on the sustainability of its development path. Sustainability, in turn, hinges on the protection of the country’s most valuable assets –its nature, people, and cultural heritage.

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