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Showing items 1 through 9 of 2748.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2013
    Armenia, Georgia, Moldova

    This paper was prepared within the “Cooperatives and their alternatives” component of the Agrarian Structures Initiative (ASI) which a regional program of FAO in Europe and Central Asia. This paper outlines some of the main issues influencing the development (or not) of farmer and rural organisations and presents in further detail the specific situation in Armenia, Georgia and Moldova. All three countries returned ownership of the majority of land to the rural population.

  2. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    March, 2019
    Eastern Europe, Western Europe

    Most countries in Western Europe have a long tradition for implementing land consolidation projects. In Central and Eastern Europe, land reforms from 1990 on in most countries resulted in farm structures characterized by excessive land fragmentation and small average farm sizes. Most CEE countries have introduced land consolidation instruments to address the structural problems. FAO has from 2000 on supported land consolidation in the region.

  3. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    August, 2013
    Eastern Europe, Western Europe

    It has often been stated that land fragmentation and farm structures characterized by small agricultural holdings and farms divided in a large number of parcels have been the side-effect of land reform in Central and Eastern Europe. This article reports the findings of a study of land reform in 25 countries in the region from 1989 and onwards and provides an overview of applied land reform approaches. With a basis in theory on land fragmentation, the linkage between land reform approaches and land fragmentation is explored.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    March, 2018
    Eastern Europe, Western Europe

    Most transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) face enormous challenges in developing a viable land structure, requiring a set of measures which is unprecedented in its scale and intensity to speed up this process. Analysis of policy initiatives in CEE countries illustrates that options for solving fragmentation and small scale of farms have concentrated on particular instruments like land consolidation and land banking.

  5. Library Resource
    Secure Land Tenure Rights For All

    Successful Approaches and Their Impacts

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    July, 2019
    Africa, Ethiopia, Uganda, Namibia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Brazil, Peru, Asia, Cambodia, Laos, Eastern Europe, Global

    The aim of this policy paper is to present successful approaches to secure land tenure rights in rural and urban areas. To support future programmatic decisions by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), this paper focusses especially on impacts and good practices. It discusses examples from the German technical cooperation but also includes good practices and impacts achieved by other development partners.

  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    August, 2016
    Moldova, Europe

    The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects
    an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture
    development and climate responsiveness. It aims to
    achieve food security and broader development goals
    under a changing climate and increasing food demand.
    CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance
    resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs),
    and require planning to address tradeoffs and synergies
    between these three pillars: productivity, adaptation, and

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1999
    Estonia, Lithuania, Italy, Poland, Latvia, Russia

    Land reform has been a strong part of the overall re-structuring of the Lithuanian economy and it has contributed to the gains in living standard that have been achieved since 1994. Like the other former Soviet states, Lithuania suffered strong declines in agricultural and industrial production following independence.

  8. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    October, 2018
    France, Moldova, United States of America, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Albania, Ukraine, Poland, Russia, Georgia, Armenia

    Geographical indication (GI) schemes can play a special role in promoting sustainable rural development, improving farm income and opening new export potential. Natural factors such as soil, climate and plant varieties play a major role in producing a unique product. Usually, GIs comprise knowledge and skills passed on from generation to generation, helping to protect local heritage. This report is a synthesis of the five national reviews of the legal and institutional frameworks in Armenia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Moldova, and the Russian Federation.

  9. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    October, 2018
    Angola, Rwanda, France, Laos, Guatemala, Philippines, Lesotho, Mali, Burundi, Madagascar, Myanmar, Eswatini, Ghana, Congo, Ukraine, Sierra Leone, Malawi, Pakistan, Niger, Gabon, Kenya

    Le 11 mai 2017 a marqué le 5ème anniversaire de l’approbation des Directives volontaires pour une gouvernance responsable des terres, des pêches et des forêts dans le contexte de la sécurité alimentaire nationale (DV) par le Comité de la sécurité alimentaire mondial (CSA). Les DV ne sont plus simplement des mots dans un document et leurs principes et processus incitent les personnes du monde entier à agir et à changer leur réalité.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    France, Honduras, United States of America, Luxembourg, Uruguay, Colombia, Ecuador, United Kingdom, Netherlands, New Zealand, Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, Czech Republic

    This assessment focuses on three main services that plant protection impacts on soil can significantly affect: provisioning services for food, fibre, and fuel supply and regulating services for water quality and erosion. The Global Soil Partnership (GSP) at its 2016 plenary session requested that the Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils (ITPS) complete “an assessment at global level of the impact of Plant Protection Products on soil functions and ecosystems”. It is an activity under the strategic objective SO2 and indirectly contributing to all FAO strategic objectives.

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