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Showing items 1 through 9 of 4192.
  1. Library Resource
    Les pêcheries africaines en besoin de réformes pour renforcer la résilience post Covid-19 (étude)
    Reports & Research
    March, 2021
    Africa, Djibouti, Kenya, Ghana, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal

    La pandémie de Covid-19 est sans aucun doute l’événement majeur de santé publique qui a marqué les êtres humains, les sociétés et les esprits dans le monde entier et particulièrement l’Afrique. Tous les gouvernements ont adopté des mesures de santé publique, notamment le confinement et d’autres mesures exceptionnelles dans le cadre de l’état d’urgence sanitaire, pour réduire la propagation du virus. La chute soudaine de l’activité humaine a des conséquences sur l’environnement, et l’utilisation/exploitation des ressources naturelles, notamment la pêche.

  2. Library Resource

    Volume 10 Issue 3

    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2021
    Ghana

    Two-thirds of rural Ghanaians are farmers, and farming is almost the only income source for Ghana’s forest-fringe communities. Some farmers adopt some agricultural practices to augment their operations while others do not. We examined the factors that influence farmers’ adoption and intensity of adoption of agricultural practices, namely, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, improved seeds, animal manure, and crop rotation.

  3. Library Resource

    Volume 10 Issue 3

    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2021
    Benin, Africa

    In the context of rapid urbanization, poorer residents in cities across low- and middle-income countries increasingly experience food and nutrition deficiencies. The United Nations has highlighted urban agriculture (UA) as a viable solution to food insecurity, by empowering the urban poor to produce their own fresh foods and make some profit from surplus production. Despite its potential role in reducing poverty and food insecurity, there appears to be little political will to support urban agriculture.

  4. Library Resource

    Volume 10 Issue 3

    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2021
    Ghana

    Land acquisition in Ghana is fraught with challenges of multiple sales, numerous unofficial charges, unnecessary bureaucracies, intrusion of unqualified middlemen, and lack of transparency among others. Studies have suggested digitization as a way forward to improve Ghana’s land management system and to address these acquisition challenges. However, none of these studies have specifically provided a clear conceptual digital framework for land acquisition.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2014
    Ghana

    This study examines the effects of land tenure systems on resource-use productivity and efficiency in the Upper East region of Ghana with data drawn from the Ghana Agricultural Production Survey. A stochastic frontier model is employed to analyse resource-use productivity and efficiency of the rice farms. The study establishes that rice farms under the various land tenure systems are technically inefficient. Technical efficiency for the pooled sample was 61.80%.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    November, 2014
    Benin, Cameroon, Kenya, Philippines

    Following the example of Tiffen et al. on Machakos, Kenya, new macro-based evidence was collected in Machakos, the neighbouring Kitui district and in Benin, Cameroon and the Philippines, to assess the factors à la Boserup, inducing transitions towards sustainable land management, such as terracing, stone bands etc. We find that relative scarcity of land can be seen to induce technical changes, in the sense of Hayami & Ruttan, that correspond to the new relative scarcity, making higher man-land ratios the optimal choice.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    November, 2008
    Benin

    Collective actions groups have many advantages and are sometimes essential, yet they can reinforce or perpetuate inter-and intra-gender inequalities when their functioning is left entirely subject to internal community dynamics and they are not well managed. This is well illustrated by the case of Koussin-Lélé rice scheme in the central Benin.

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    May, 2013
    Liberia

    Rural Development - Common Property Resource Development Communities and Human Settlements - Land Use and Policies Rural Development - Rural Land Policies for Poverty Reduction Public Sector Management and Reform Urban Development - Urban Housing Public Sector Development

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    October, 2017
    Benin

    The formalisation of local or customary land rights is often seen as a means of tackling insecurity of land tenure and encouraging investment. Several tools, such as the Rural Land Plans (PFRs) used in Benin, seem to resolve the tension between the logic of registering rights in order to increase productivity and the logic of securing complex local rights and reducing conflict. But while PFRs are potentially a good tool for dealing with complexity, current policy debate in Benin tends to focus on them as a tool for privatisation.

  10. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2015
    Mali

    Recent large-scale investments in agricultural land that are coupled with irrigation present opportunities for increased food production in sub-Saharan Africa. However, to achieve this objective two management issues must be addressed: efficient water use in the face of a looming water scarcity and equity in the sharing of the resource between large-scale investors and smallholder farmers.

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