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Showing items 1 through 9 of 31.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1999
    Brazil, Central America, South America

    Intensive farming and grazing on Oxisols of the Brazilian savannas (also known as the Cerrados) are leading to loss of soil organic matter (SOM) and consequently to a decline in fertility and sustainability of the soils. Alternative land-use systems such as the introduction of legumes in pastures and the use of no-tillage systems can reverse this process.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1999
    Brazil, Central America, South America

    We examined whole-soil samples and particle-size fractions to study the distribution of different phosphorus (P) fractions after land-use change from native savanna to crops, pasture, and reforestation on clayey and loamy Oxisols of the Brazilian savannas. Phosphorus was extracted sequentially, according to a modified Hedley procedure, into inorganic and organic P (NaOH-extractable Pi and Po, respectively), and recalcitrant P (P HCl and P res). Under natural conditions of strong P deficiency, over 60% of NaOH-extractable P was organic, reflecting the high contribution of P.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1999
    Brazil

    This study assessed the influence of land use (continuous cropping, CC; tree plantations, F; pasture, PG; and native savanna, NS) on P concentrations and partitioning in bulk soil and two aggregate size fractions of two Oxisols, one loamy and one clayey. The quantity and quality of physically protected P within aggregates were also determined. Total P in bulk soil and macroaggregates (0.25-2 mm and 2-8 mm) was partitioned into inorganic and organic P fractions (P, and P., respectively) after sequential extraction, using NaHCO, (Olsen), NaOH, HCl, and H2SO4 (residual).

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