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Showing items 1 through 9 of 91.
  1. Library Resource
    Effectiveness of community forest user groups (CFUGs) in responding to the 2015 earthquakes and COVI
    Peer-reviewed publication
    October, 2020
    Nepal

    Natural disasters and pandemics are evolving as major global threats that are posing an enormous challenge to socio- economic and environmental wellbeing. Using a real time analysis of the impressive role played by Community Forest User Groups (CFUGs) in Nepal in responding to the 2015 earthquakes (Earthquake-15) and COVID-19, this paper explores the scopes, capacities, institutional strengths and attributes required for community-based institutions such as CFUGs to become effective in managing and responding natural or other disasters.

  2. Library Resource
    Indonesia's land reform: Implications for local livelihoods and climate change
    Peer-reviewed publication
    November, 2019
    Indonesia

    One of the main components of Indonesia's Just Economy policy is extensive and rapid land reform, which targets about 12% of the country's land area for redistribution to farmers and communities by 2019. Much of the reform is occurring on forest land. At the same time, the country has pledged a significant reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, two thirds of which is to be achieved from forests. Hence agrarian reform potentially conflicts with emission reduction commitments.

  3. Library Resource
    Land markets, Property rights, and Deforestation: Insights from Indonesia
    Peer-reviewed publication
    November, 2017
    Indonesia

    We examine the emergence of land markets and their effects on forest land appropriation by farm households in Jambi Province, Sumatra, using micro-level data covering land use and land transactions for a period of more than 20 years (1992–2015). Based on a theoretical model of land acquisition by a heterogeneous farming population, different hypotheses are developed and empirically tested. Farm households involved in forest land appropriation differ from those involved in land market purchases in terms of migration status and other socioeconomic characteristics.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2018
    Congo

    Sapelli (Entandrophragma cylindricum) and tali (Erythrophleum suaveolens) are among the most important timber
    species harvested from Congo Basin forests. They also host edible caterpillars, Imbrasia oyemensis and Cirina
    forda, respectively, which are important to the nutrition and income of rural and urban populations. This study
    evaluated the density of these tree species within a 10 km radius around each of 4 villages and in the 2012
    annual cutting areas of two timber concessions in the region of Kisangani (DRC). Sapelli and tali trees

  5. Library Resource
    Eroding battlefields: Land degradation in Java reconsidered
    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2014
    Indonesia

    Land degradation has been a major political issue in Java for decades. Its causes have generally been framed by narratives focussing on farmers’ unsustainable cultivation practices. This paper causally links land degradation with struggles over natural resources in Central Java. It presents a case study that was part of a research project combining remote sensing and political ecology to explore land use/cover change and its drivers in the catchment of the Segara Anakan lagoon.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    March, 2016
    Cameroon, Sierra Leone, Africa, Western Africa

    The West African cocoa belt, reaching from Sierra Leone to southern Cameroon, is the origin of about 70% of the world's cocoa (Theobroma cacao), which in turn is the basis of the livelihoods of about two million farmers. We analyze cocoa's vulnerability to climate change in the West African cocoa belt, based on climate projections for the 2050s of 19 Global Circulation Models under the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change intermediate emissions scenario RCP 6.0.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    March, 2017
    Peru, Central America, South America

    Peru has the fourth largest area of peatlands in the Tropics. Its most representative land cover on peat is a Mauritia flexuosa dominated palm swamp (thereafter called dense PS), which has been under human pressure over decades due to the high demand for the M. flexuosa fruit often collected by cutting down the entire palm. Degradation of these carbon dense forests can substantially affect emissions of greenhouse gases and contribute to climate change. The first objective of this research was to assess the impact of dense PS degradation on forest structure and biomass carbon stocks.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Finland

    Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), also termed as multi-criteria assessment (MCA), is a powerful policy appraisal tool but as Stirling (2006) has suggested, it can be used both for opening up and closing down policy discourses. Our analysis of MCA in addressing a conflict between state forestry and indigenous Sámi reindeer herding in Upper Lapland, Finland, illustrates MCA's potential in promoting open discussion about policy alternatives and their consequences, and also its limitations in highly controversial policy processes.

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