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Showing items 1 through 9 of 376.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    April, 2012
    Iran, Southern Asia

    This study on gender and livelihood aims to find new ways of improving the incomes of rural households, based on the role of women in agricultural production and the division of labor in socioeconomic activities between men and women. It targets eight villages in two regions: Merek (Kermanshah Province) and Honam (Lorestan Province), and was carried out through conducting a social survey (quantitative research) and a participatory rural appraisal - PRA- (qualitative research). The results from qualitative and quantitative research were integrated.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    March, 2015
    Iraq, Western Asia

    This final report synthesizes the results of the Iraq Salinity Project, a research partnership between five Iraqi ministries and national agencies and an international team of researchers, led by ICARDA, specializing in land and water management, crop improvement and plant breeding, geoinformatics, and socioeconomics.

  3. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    March, 2013
    Tunisia, Northern Africa

    This summary describes the work of the LADA (Land Degradation and Assessment in Dry Areas) project that identifies and describes geographical areas suffering from land degradation in the governorates of Tunisia. Through a comparative study of these areas, it identifies the failures and successes in national efforts to combat land degradation and, therefore, build local community capacity to resist climate change. It is intended for policymakers, donors and other partners and supporters.

  4. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2018
    Tunisia, Northern Africa

    In response to the severe economic, social, and environmental costs of degradation across Tunisia’s rangelands, the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) has worked with the General Directorate of Forestry (Direction Générale des Forêts, DGF) to draw up a new pastoral code. This code could facilitate a more sustainable governance regime that also delivers for pastoral communities. Inclusive and practical, the code also offers a framework for other countries experiencing degradation in rangeland areas.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2012
    Jordan, Western Asia

    The dry rangelands of West Asia and North Africa are fragile and severely degraded due to low rainfall and mismanagement of natural resources. Rainwater harvesting (RWH) interventions are used to increase soil moisture content, vegetation cover, and productivity. However, adoption of rainwater harvesting by communities is slow. To understand adoption constraints and to develop options for sustainable integration of rainwater harvesting, a benchmark watershed was established in the dry rangelands of Jordan.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2012
    Morocco, Northern Africa

    This publication reviews the historical and current literature on land degradation in Morocco and
    presents the results of a case study in the western part of the country. It is intended as a reflection on
    the baseline causes for land degradation, so contributing to the development of enabling agricultural
    policies and the associated institutional dynamics that are needed to overcome degradation problems.
    This report identifies crucial policy inconsistencies and dysfunctions that were, so far, ineffective in

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2017
    Egypt, Northern Africa

    Egypt, where the mean temperature is expected to increase by 1−1.5°C over the next two decades, is particularly concerned with climate change in the Medi- terranean. Most of the research works on adaptive animal traits have focused on sheep and goats in non-irrigated areas, with little interest in livestock systems in irrigated areas. However, meat and dairy products in Egypt are mainly sup- plied by large ruminants − cattle and buffaloes.

  8. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    September, 2010
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and other research, predict a significant future increase in the frequency and intensity of heavy rainfall events in many regions. This increase runoff and soil erosion, and reduce agricultural productivity, as well as increasing risks of flood damage to crops and infrastructure. Implementing adaptation measures and improved land management through erosion control and soil protection are among those that protect water and agriculture and limit their vulnerability.

  9. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    July, 2013
    Jordan, Western Asia

    Water scarcity and land degradation are widespread problems that affect agricultural productivity, food security and environmental quality in several parts of the world, particularly in the dry areas. Sustainable management of soil and water is necessary to optimize the use of limited rainwater for crop production and to decrease soil erosion. One management option is utilizing rainfall more efficiently through water harvesting. In arid areas, different types of water harvesting techniques (WHT) are being developed by

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    March, 2011
    Jordan, Western Asia

    The shortage of water in arid zones represents the most serious obstacle to poverty reduction because it limits the extent to which poor producers of crops and livestock can take advantage of opportunities arising from emerging markets, trade, and globalization. Water shortage in arid zones limits the variety and quantity of crop and livestock products a smallholder can produce, thus narrowing their range of options.

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