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Showing items 1 through 9 of 4310.
  1. Library Resource
    March, 2012

    The term 'green jobs' can
    refer to employment in a narrowly defined set of industries
    providing environmental services. But it is more useful for
    the policy-maker to focus on the broader issue of the
    employment consequences of policies to correct environmental
    externalities such as anthropogenic climate change. Most of
    the literature focuses on direct employment created, with
    more cursory treatment of indirect and induced job creation,

  2. Library Resource
    February, 2014
    Guinea, Papua New Guinea

    Despite global gender equality gains in
    education, life expectancy, and labor force participation,
    two areas of persistent inequality remain: asset gaps and
    women's agency. In many developing countries, including
    Papua New Guinea (PNG), land and natural resources are
    citizens' key assets. This briefing note, centered on
    field research in north fly district explores the process of
    negotiation and the progress in implementation of the

  3. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    This paper concerns an NGO intervention in agricultural commodity markets known as Fairtrade. Fairtrade pays producers a minimum unit price and provides capacity building support to member cooperative organizations. Fairtrade's organizational capacity support targets those factors believed to reduce the commodity producer's share of returns. Specifically, Fairtrade justifies its intervention in markets like coffee by claiming that market power and a lack of capacity in producer organizations 'marks down' the prices producers receive.

  4. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    The concept of "Green Growth" is a focus of much interest and considerable debate among decision makers concerned with enhancing both nearer-term economic progress and longer-term environmental sustainability. Proponents of Green Growth emphasize not only the need to protect various forms of natural capital to sustain improvements in material living standards and poverty reduction, but also the potential for strategically crafted environmental policies to achieve sustainability at low cost, perhaps even to help stimulate growth.

  5. Library Resource
    September, 2014

    This paper discusses short-run and
    long-run effects of "green stimulus" efforts, and
    compares these effects with "non-green" fiscal
    stimuli. Green stimulus is defined here as short-run fiscal
    stimuli that also serve a "green" or environmental
    purpose in a situation of "crisis" characterized
    by temporary under-employment. A number of recently enacted
    national stimulus packages contain sizeable

  6. Library Resource
    March, 2012

    Under the Kyoto Protocol to the United
    Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the
    industrialized countries adopted quantified emission
    reductions obligations. Marking the 10th anniversary of the
    establishment of the World Bank Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF)
    the world's first global carbon fund, this report seeks
    to take stock of the World Bank's experience of working
    with the Kyoto Protocol's project-based mechanisms over

  7. Library Resource
    Manuals & Guidelines
    March, 2017
    Global

    This note is part of an Action Notes series and provides guidance for governments and companies on how to ensure that agricultural investments respect existing land rights, both formal and informal, and thereby avert land disputes.

  8. Library Resource
    Manuals & Guidelines
    March, 2017
    Global

    This note is part of an Action Notes series and provides guidance for governments and companies on how to ensure that the impact of agricultural investments on water resources is effectively measured, monitored, and regulated.

  9. Library Resource
    Manuals & Guidelines
    March, 2017
    Global

    This note is part of an Action Notes series and provides guidance for governments and companies on the conduct of environmental and social impact assessments (ESIAs) and the implementation of associated environmental and social management plans (ESMPs).

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